The Wonderful Wizard of Oz - Wikipedia

In the hope that the Wizard will help her return to Kansas, Dorothy embarks on the Yellow Brick Road to Emerald City. After traveling several miles, she encounters the Scarecrow, who does not "know anything" because he has "no brains at all." The brainless Scarecrow represents the midwestern farmers, whose years of hardship and subjection to ridicule had created a sense of inferiority and self-doubt. Populist leaders such as William Peffer and "Sockless" Jerry Simpson were often portrayed as deluded simpletons who failed to understand the true causes of their economic plight. The Populists' "stupidity" was also attested to by their apocalyptic rhetoric, conspiracy theories, and radical agenda, which included nationalization of the railroads, a graduated income tax, and the unlimited coinage of silver. Critics scoffed at their overblown rants, mocked their paranoid style, and dismissed their simplistic nostrums as the distempered ravings of "socialist hayseeds."

The picture of the Scarecrow is not so one-sided. His conduct on the journey through Oz is marked by common sense, resilience, and rectitude. He is not so dumb after all. As we learn near the end of the story, the Scarecrow-cum-farmer had brains all along-perhaps brains enough to grasp the true causes of his misery and the basics of monetary policy.

On the trek through the forest, where the road is in disrepair, the Scarecrow stumbles and falls on the "hard [yellow] bricks," a reference to the Populist claim that the gold standard had a damaging impact on farmers and the people at large. Still, the Scarecrow is "never hurt" by his falls, which suggests that the yellow metal was not the real culprit of the farmer's woes.

Life Lessons from 'The Wizard of Oz' |authorSTREAM

The original movie titled The Wonderful Wizard of Oz was made in 1939 by Frank Baum.

Life Lessons from 'The Wizard of Oz' ..

Academy officials declined to say how much was paid. A pair of red test slippers for "The Wizard of Oz" from the Hollywood collection of actress Debbie Reynolds sold for $612,000 in May 2011.

He is best known for writing The Wonderful Wizard Of Oz

The Wizard of Oz (1939)
Probably the best-loved musical in cinema history, with a teenaged Judy Garland a mesmerising Dorothy. A soothing fantasy that affirms the value of home and hearth, it has an innocent charm. And Somewhere Over the Rainbow tends to silence naysayers.

The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (/ ɑː z /) is an American children's novel written by author L
26/04/2013 · Many historians view the Baum’s The Wizard of Oz as a political text

We're Off To Read The Wizard, 'The Wonderful Wizard Of Oz'

Frank Baum's story (the rights to which were bought for the then princely sum of $75,000), was made four times, including a short and an animated short before Louis Mayer got hold of it and decided on a big budget family film with a star. There are rumours that he really wanted Shirley Temple but she was contracted to 20th Century Fox who wouldn't release her so the rising star Judy Garland , then about 15, was chosen to play the main character. Wearing a corset to make her thinner and more flat chested, she was joined by the great character actors Bert Lahr, Ray Bolger, Frank Morgan and Buddy Ebsen in the principal roles. Ebsen had swapped roles with Bolger but was hospitalised when the aluminium dust that was used to create the Tin Man effect got into his lungs so was replaced by Jack Haley and the effect was altered to a metallic paste (no point in hospitalising two men!).

The story is extremely simple: a young girl, Dorothy Gale, has frequent run-ins with the wicked woman down the road who gets a court order ordering Dorothy's dog Toto to be destroyed. Heartbroken, Dorothy runs away but, when she sees a cyclone coming, returns home to try and get into the shelter. Too late, she seeks refuge in her bedroom and the house is picked up and dropped in the strange land of Oz. Dorothy is initially thought to be a witch as her house crushed the Wicked Witch of the East but she convinces Glinda, the Good Witch of the North, that she is from Kansas and is lost. Glinda tells her that the Wizard of Oz who lives in the Emerald City may be able to help and all she needs to do is follow the Yellow Brick Road. On her way, Dorothy meets a Scarecrow who wishes he had a brain, a Tin Man who wants a heart and a cowardly Lion who's desperate for some courage. If the Wizard can help her, there is no reason why he can't help them, so the four set off along the Yellow Brick Road. However, the Wicked Witch of the West, sister of the late Witch of the East, is keen to have her sister's ruby slippers, now comfortably adorning Dorothy's feet so follows them and tries to sabotage their journey.

In the seventy years since it was first released, has established itself as a truly great movie, with many organisations ranking it highly in both the family and fantasy categories and recognising its many memorable lines that have entered common parlance. Such ideas that 'there's no place like home', 'we're not in Kansas anymore' and that the 'man behind the curtain' is a tiny figure representing something that doesn't exist have great cultural significance and have taken on meanings that neither Baum nor the screenwriters envisaged. It's also been parodied and referenced in numerous films and TV shows from to , such is the cultural impact.

It's odd for a film that is so widely loved to have so many detractors - both my mum and her sister hate the film, probably because it scared them as children, with other people I know dismissing it as camp, kitsch rubbish. I think it's a great film with a wonderful story, a terrific performance by Judy Garland and extraordinary effects for the time. The songs are great and it's incredible to think that Garland's moving rendition of Over the Rainbow nearly ended up on the cutting room floor. The others are mournful or joyous and always memorable with a splendid score, often comprising motifs from the songs, accompanying the film.

is a timeless classic that has been released several times already, most recently the 2005 Three-Disc Collector's Edition which had a specially restored transfer, two discs of bonus features and some memorabilia. This version is practically the same but with the Sing-Along function on the Blu-ray and a bonus DVD containing the Sing-Along version too.

called the Wonderful Wizard of Oz

For someone who loves horror, I have a real soft spot for this film and see this as a great package to do the film justice.

Most of these are ported straight from the previous Warner Brothers Home Entertainment release which was fantastic in terms of both quantity and quality and it's taken me hours to get through all of these

First up is a commentary introduced by the late Sidney Pollack which is 'hosted' by film historian John Fricke who has compiled a list of archive interviews which he plays throughout, adding his own knowledge and opinions along the way. This is a good listen and there is plenty of trivia and interesting facts to keep it busy but not enough to become tiring.

There was a TV special making of, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz: The Making of a Movie Classic, hosted by Angela Lansbury, in 1990 which is a very watchable and informative piece. There are three further retrospectives which also comprise interviews with relatives of the cast and archive clips: The Art of Imagination: A Tribute to Oz, Because of the Wonderful Things it Does: The Legacy of Oz and Memories of Oz.

In The Wonderful Wizard of Oz StoryBook, Angela Lansbury reads the book with illustrations from the novel playing as a slideshow as the story progresses.

There is a featurette on the 2005 restoration which shows how the picture was cleaned up, both digitally and manually, from removing print damage on the computer to physically cleaning the negative. It also covers the creation of the 5.1 soundtrack that was on the previous DVD but is not included on this release. There is nothing about the transfer to high definition as it was made before the formats existed.

We Haven't Really Met Properly is a biography of eight cast members (nine if you include Terry the dog who played Toto!), again narrated by Angela Landsbury, with plenty of facts and interesting titbits.

The Jukebox contains a variety of scored music, rehearsal audio and songs including Jitterbug which was cut from the final version. It's all split into a variety of cuts and different takes, showing the lengthy process that went into the musical element though will probably be of interest only to the hardcore fans.

There are also several different promotions, shows, excerpts and other material from the TV and radio as well as stills galleries and trailers. One of these has footage from the initial shoot under the first director Richard Thorpe when the yellow brick road looked very different and Dorothy had curly blonde hair. These are a great assortment and really make this a complete package.

Harold Arlen's Home Movies is a short piece of the composer's filming that he did on the set and in costume/make-up departments; it is a fairly interesting addition.

There are five outtakes and deleted scenes which can be viewed individually or together using a play all function and are worth a watch for fans and completists. You also get It's a Twister!

The Historian's "Wizard of Oz" by Ranjit S

The reaction to Littlefield was, predictably, mixed. Scholars and teachers, who saw the allegorical reading (as Littlefield himself had) as a useful "teaching mechanism," tended to be enthusiastic. Many among the faithful, however, were not impressed, including Baum's great-grandson, who curtly dismissed the parable thesis as "insane" (Moyer 1998, 46). Although neither side produced much evidence, Littlefield's interpretation gained widespread currency in academic circles, and by the 1980s it had assumed the proportions of an "urban legend," as history textbooks and scholarly works on Populism paid homage to the allegory.

The contention that is a cleverly crafted political parable reached its apogee in the erudite pages of the . In an article entitled "The 'Wizard of Oz' as a Monetary Allegory" (1990), Hugh Rockoff examined the analogies between Baum's use of imagery and the monetary politics of the Populist era. In the book version of , Dorothy treads the Yellow Brick Road in silver shoes, not in ruby slippers. Silver shoes on a golden road? A key plank in the Populist platform was a demand for "free silver" -- that is, the "free and unlimited coinage of silver and gold" at a fixed ratio of sixteen to one.