Second-wave feminism - Wikipedia

Whatever the conventional role for women in the social order, war required the full scope of Canada’s human resources. At the same time, the temporary nature of women’s contributions during the First and Second World Wars ensured that their wartime efforts did not challenge the established system and that they reverted to conventional female roles after hostilities ended. In war, women’s labour was essential, but in peace it was expendable.

UN Women Goodwill Ambassador Anne Hathaway - …

Women in Mongol society The characteristics and roles of females among the Mongols

Women in Southeast Asia | Asia Society

As the 19th century progressed, there was a greater prevalence of gender-specific employment which was often used to enhance control and discipline in the workplace. Supervisory roles were almost exclusively taken by men, and men also came to operate the most expensive and sophisticated machinery and to monopolise the high status and higher paid jobs even in textiles. The expansion of heavy industries such as iron, steel, mining, engineering and ship building in the later century also created sectors which employed almost exclusively male labour, which were associated solely with male attributes and which endorsed the male breadwinner ideal. Thus a hardening of gender assumptions in the nineteenth century was closely associated with corresponding changes in the workplace.

Women Who Don’t Reproduce Hurt Society – Return …

In the modern era, women have been honored for their militant participation during civil wars and the struggles against invaders. In the Taiping Rebellion mainly Hakka women with unbound feet fought both as soldiers and generals against the Manchu government. Women took up arms again in the Boxer Rebellion when young women organized themselves into militant “Red Lantern” groups. During the Cultural Revolution, the militancy of young female Red Guards attest to their willingness to become revolutionary heroes when struggling for what they perceived to be a just cause. Individual revolutionary female icons who have been held up as powerful figures for women to emulate include China’s Chiu Chin (Qiu Jin), who in 1907 was executed by the Manchu government, and Soong-li Ching (Soong Ching-ling), wife of Dr. Sun Yat-sen and champion of social justice and women’s liberation, and Deng Yingchao, an advocate of women’s rights and wife of Zhou Enlai. The societal admiration of female heroines such as these has helped justify the actions of the women who managed successfully to define new roles for themselves alongside men.

and proper within their social roles, Native American women were required to ..
Essay on Changing Women's Roles 1570 Words | 7 Pages. Women started to challenge their domestic roles over time by using the war, westward expansion and abolitionist movements and by ultimately taking advantage of the liberties they were given.

Lives of Women - Conner Prairie

The LMWA continually challenged regulations and government policies. In 1932, rumors surrounding a tax on Lagosian women arose, and in response the association formed a committee that went to the Government House and met with the Administrator of the Colony, C. T. Lawrence, where the committee was assured there was no intention of taxation as they feared. However, eight years later in 1939, war-time regulations called for an Income Tax Ordinance to generate revenue that sought to tax women with annual incomes of 50 pounds or more alongside the right to obtain supplies for the forces and regulate prices of commodities. In response, the LMWA conducted mass protests that appealed to both their role in society and to tradition. Women drafted a petition outlining the “history of opposition” to taxing women and argued “female taxation was contrary to custom.” To show support, 200 illiterate market women signed the petition with their thumbprints. In a further show of resistance, women closed the markets the next day and marched to the commissioner, yet again. In an attempt to placate the group, the commissioner assured them the tax was only for wealthy women. Colonists expected the women of Lagos to be content with the divide between wealthy and poor. There was little anticipation of the show of solidarity between these market women. Pelewura, and the LMWA, were not mollified with the faint division in the regulation and contended that the tax would eventually expand to include all women.

Traditionally the roles of native women included child rearing, homemaking and healing. . . like women the world over. They had limited influence in spiritual leadership or in the decision process with regards territorial expansion and defense.

True Women and Westward Expansion - Texas A&M …

The economic policies imposed by the English strained colonial relations as they exploited women’s labor. Traditionally, the lack of agricultural expansion hinged on the lack of available labor, or women. However, when the English colonized Kenya, they enacted regulations to increase agricultural product and therefore increased the women’s labor. The exploitation of the women’s work led to resistance movements and led the women to develop more political awareness and engage in and aid existing decolonization movements. The Kikuyu people of Kenya, like most Africans, were laborers with the women doing most work at home while the men found work across the country. Following World War II, the British mandated all cattle be vaccinated and all hilly landscapes be terraced to increase production, and women resisted the increased work load. Those who resisted the mandates were dealt with severely, as seen in their oral histories, for their lack of cooperation in improving agricultural conditions.

Essay on Changing Women's Roles 1570 Words | 7 Pages. challenge their domestic roles over time by using the war, westward expansion and abolitionist movements and by ultimately taking advantage of the liberties they were given.

Women in Mongol society - Welcome to The Realm of …

The Lagos Market Women’s Association is an example of the colonialist miscalculation about women’s role within society and the market. The LMWA began within the mid-1920s and was an interest group focused on “promoting and protecting” women’s rights in colonial Nigeria. The leader, Madam Alimotu Pelewura, was a fish trader and an important leader of market women in Lagos. In the 1920s, she was elected Alaga, head market women, of the Ereko market which was the most prosperous meat market in Lagos. Pelewura is proof that women not only existed in the local market but were capable of organizing and controlling affairs within it while her involvement in the Ereko market is an indication of the organization of the markets themselves. Despite a lack of traditional education and a high rate of illiteracy, women were active participants in organizations like ones that evolved from the market to political organizations and even movements for independent schools. Furthermore, women actively strove to protect themselves within these market structures. For example, Ereko traders paid three pence a week to create a fund allocated to the hiring of literate clerks and lawyers, when necessary. This type of institution is evidence of the organization of women despite their educational limitations and also served as the basic structure the LMWA employed to resist colonial rule.