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188.8.131.52. The Ideal City | Quadralectic Architecture
Noble Utopias and golden dreams about the City of the Sun usually evoke nothing more than a reproach for their "utopian" nature, for their ideals that are too high for mankind at present.
Lecture 1: Renaissance Portraits - The History Guide
It is sometimes inferred that the concept of heterotopia sits at the opposite extreme to the panopticon in Foucault’s thinking. This would be a mistake. Heterotopias include prisons and asylums. As with all Foucault’s deliberations, there is no sense of binary thinking. The panopticon is used by Foucault as a utopian ideal, an abstract concept of total control and discipline that could be formulated across other institutions such as schools and factories and which had a particular utility at a certain point in the modern era. The panopticon does not exist. On the other hand heterotopias do exist, a spatial and temporal play that evolves through the history of different spaces. Power here is ambiguous and reversible.