History of U.S. Interventions in Latin America

1. All history concerning CIA intervention in foreign countries is summarized from William Blum’s encyclopedic work, (Monroe, Maine: Common Courage Press, 1995). Sources for domestic CIA operations come from Jonathan Vankin and John Whalen’s (Secaucus, N.J.: Citadel Press, 1997).

Realist Thought and Humanitarian Intervention ..

essays and natural about being able to us foreign policy intervensions in africa write
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Morality and Foreign Policy (Baton ..

Ege & Makhijani. "180 Landings by the U.S. Marine Corps" (History Division), Counterspy(July-Aug. 1982). Foreign Affairs Division, Congressional Research Service, Library ofCongress.

Intervention and Nonintervention - The practice of intervention ..

In An Historical Analysis of Monetary Policy Rules, NBER Research Associate John Taylor analyzes a century ofU.S. monetary history with a simple monetary policy rule as a "yardstick."The rule specifies how officials should adjust the short-term interest rate inresponse to changes in inflation-adjusted GDP and the inflation rate. Taylorconcludes that if a monetary rule is used to set policy, the rule chosen shoulddictate relatively aggressive adjustments of the short-term interest rate inresponse to changes in inflation and real output. In fact, responsive short-term interest rates may help flatten economic fluctuations, he believes. Afterexamining the responsiveness of short-term rate from 1879 to the present,Taylor concludes that the "dramatic" changes in U.S. monetary policy overthe last 125 years have been associated with "equally dramatic changes ineconomic stability." The changes in monetary policy are best described as"the result of an evolutionary learning process in which the FederalReserve--from the day it began operations in 1914 to today--has searchedfor" a good procedure for adjusting the instruments of policy.

and from groups within the United States
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SADC Interventions in the Democratic Republic of the ..

CIA operations follow the same recurring script. First, American business interests abroad are threatened by a popular or democratically elected leader. The people support their leader because he intends to conduct land reform, strengthen unions, redistribute wealth, nationalize foreign-owned industry, and regulate business to protect workers, consumers and the environment. So, on behalf of American business, and often with their help, the CIA mobilizes the opposition. First it identifies right-wing groups within the country (usually the military), and offers them a deal: "We'll put you in power if you maintain a favorable business climate for us." The Agency then hires, trains and works with them to overthrow the existing government (usually a democracy). It uses every trick in the book: propaganda, stuffed ballot boxes, purchased elections, extortion, blackmail, sexual intrigue, false stories about opponents in the local media, infiltration and disruption of opposing political parties, kidnapping, beating, torture, intimidation, economic sabotage, death squads and even assassination. These efforts culminate in a military , which installs a right-wing dictator. The CIA trains the dictator’s security apparatus to crack down on the traditional enemies of big business, using interrogation, torture and murder. The victims are said to be "communists," but almost always they are just peasants, liberals, moderates, labor union leaders, political opponents and advocates of free speech and democracy. Widespread human rights abuses follow.

Jun 23, 2011 · The Qualitative Difference ..

U.S. Congress, Committee on Foreign Affairs' Report. Background Information on the Use ofUnited States Armed Forces in Foreign Countries. Washington, D.C.: 91st Congress, 2ndSession, 1970.

An Historical Analysis of Monetary Policy Rules