There is not enough low-cost housing.

The United States experienced a housing shortage in the late 1940s, as recently married war veterans sought places to live. The GI Bill—which provided unemployment and education allowances and home, farm, and business loans for millions of World War II veterans—enabled a flood of home purchases. Several developers applied the principles of mass production to housing, creating nearly identical houses on moderate-sized lots. These suburban developments were targeted to narrow segments of the broad middle class. Some were home to professionals and executives, some to middle management, some to the lower middle class, some to working-class Americans. Each development was substantially uniform in social status and sometimes in religion and ethnicity.

Urbanization in the United States - Wikipedia

(2011:148), the most significant factor determining the flow of mortgage credit in U.S.

Urbanization in America - American Historama

By 1910 there were over 400 settlement houses in America’s largest cities.

Settlement workers were civic-minded volunteers whose work provided the foundation in a later era for the professional social worker.

The Most Urbanized States in America - Priceonomics

Settlement houses taught English to immigrants, pioneered early- childhood education, taught industrial arts, and established neighborhood the- aters and music schools.

The shift in population from rural to urban became more obvious with each passing decade.

Urbanization is the process by which an increasing ..

Upward mobility, home ownership, educational opportunities, and cheap goods softened many of the disadvantages of 19th-century urban life. Beautification programs, electrification, and construction of libraries, parks, playgrounds, and swimming pools, gradually improved the quality of urban life in the 20th century, although poor areas received fewer benefits. Poverty, particularly among new arrivals, and low wages remained problems in the cities throughout the 19th and 20th centuries. American reform movements, such as the settlement house movement, have typically been more interested in treating the effects of poverty—housing, health, and corruption—than the causes of poverty—unemployment, underemployment, poor skills, and low wages. Labor unions helped raise wages and benefits for many workers, particularly the most skilled, from 1900 to 1950, but since then replacement of skilled factory work by service employment has reduced both wage levels and the influence of labor unions. The U.S. Department of Labor reports that the average annual wages of American working men fell from $31,317 in 1979 to $33,244 in 1999 (adjusted for inflation). Wages fell further for those without high school diplomas.

Urbanization Will Change The (Developing) World - Forbes

The Progressive movement of the late 19th and early 20th centuries succeeded in reducing some of the corruption and in establishing housing codes, public health measures, and civil service examinations in city governments. Progressive, regulatory approaches to the problems of cities expanded during the New Deal in the 1930s and during the War on Poverty in the 1960s, but cost-cutting political movements in the 1920s, 1950s, and 1980s reduced funding or eliminated many regulatory programs. As a result of local reform movements throughout the 20th century, corrupt officials were periodically voted out of office and replaced with reformers.

They left the farms for industrial and commercial jobs, and few of them returned.

Immigration and Urbanization | US History II (American …

"Give me your tired, your poor,

Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,

The wretched refuse of your teeming shore.

Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me,

I lift my lamp beside the golden door!"

To increase their profits, landlords divided up inner-city housing into small, windowless rooms.

Only 4 states have an urbanization rate under 50 ..

Household manufacturing was almost universal in colonial days, with local craftsmen providing for their communities. This new era introduced , with machines and predetermined tasks, producing items to be shipped and sold elsewhere.

Suicide rates* by level of county urbanization † — United States, ..

In 1790, built the first factory in America, based on the secrets of textile manufacturing he brought from England. He built a cotton-spinning mill in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, soon run by water-power. Over the next decade textiles was the dominant industry in the country, with hundreds of companies created.