His parents were Murry and Maud Falkner (Zane 2).

William Cuthbert Faulkner was born to an old southern family on September 25, 1897 in New Albany, Mississippi. He was the eldest of four more sons of Murry Cuthbert Falkner and Maud Butler. Faulkner grew up in Oxford, Mississippi where his family moved in 1902. This history and culture of the American South posed a great influence on Faulkner throughout his childhood and also on his literary work later on. Faulkner’s mother and grandmother who were avid readers, photographers and painters played an important role in his artistic and visual language education. He enrolled at the University of Mississippi and was also a member of the Alpha Epsilon social fraternity. Faulkner also attended Ole Miss in 1919 but dropped out in November 1920 after three semesters.

Faulkner's great-grandfather, Colonel William C.

Falkner had moved from Tennessee to the Mississippi Delta in 1841.

Although Faulkner wanted to join the United States Army, he was not accepted due to his short height and joined the British Royal Flying Corps instead. Faulkner wrote his first novel, Soldiers’ Pay in 1925. The beginning of 1920s till the outbreak of World War II was the most productive period of Faulkner’s writing career. In addition to numerous short stories, Faulkner published 13 novels. Some of his most celebrated novels include The Sound and the Fury (1929), As I Lay Dying (1930), Light in August (1932),and Absalom, Absalom! (1936). Faulker’s short stories such as A Rose for Emily, Red Leaves, That Evening Sun, and Dry September have also contributed immensely to his fame. In addition to these, Faulkner also composed two volumes of poetry The Marble Faun (1924) and A Green Bough in addition to a collection of short crime fiction stories Knight’s Gambit (1949). Faulkner’s work has widely been appreciated for its experimental manner, contemporary themes and the often used stream of consciousness technique.

He wrote twenty novels and many short stories (Zane 1).

The Noble Prize winner American Writer, William Faulkner has written many critically acclaimed short stories, plays, screenplays, essays and novels. He is considered to be one of the most important writers of the American southern literature and ranked shoulder to shoulder with other significant writers such as Robert Penn, , Truman Capote and Tennessee Williams of the same genre. Surprisingly, Faulkner was not very well known before being awarded the 1949 Noble Prize in Literature. Two of Faulkner’s books, A Fable (1954) and The Reivers (1962) won him the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. Faulkner’s achievements include his novel, The Sound and the Fury (1929) being ranked number six on the Modern Library’s 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century list. Also on the list were two more novels by Faulkner, As I Lay Dying (1930) and Light in August (1932).

Novels such as The Sound and the Fury and Absalom, Absalom.

In addition, at least two of the novels resemble collections of short stories, and several of the pieces in both of them were published as short stories before becoming part of the novels: and .

"Faulkner's 'A Rose for Emily.'" Literature for Composition.

In 1929, Faulkner married his teenage love Estelle Oldham. They lived at Rowan Oak with their daughter Jill until Estelle’s death after which the property was sold to The University of Mississippi. Faulkner’s other romantic relationships outside marriage included affairs with Meta Carpenter, Joan Williams, Else Johnson and Jean Stein.
William Faulkner died from a myocardial infarction at the age of 64 on July 6, 1962. He is buried at the St. Peter’s Cemetery in Oxford.

"A Rose for 'A Rose for Emily.'" Literature for Composition.

William Cuthbert Faulkner (b. 1897–d. 1962) grew up in Oxford, Mississippi, where his great-grandfather William Clark Falkner (), a writer, Confederate colonel, and railroad founder, was a local legend. Although he was a high-school dropout, Faulkner, emulating his ancestor, voraciously read the classics and began to write poetry. When his childhood sweetheart Estelle Oldham rejected him to marry another man, Faulkner briefly relocated to the Northeast, enlisted in the Canadian Royal Flying Corps, and traveled for several months in Europe. Settling in New Orleans, he moved in Sherwood Anderson’s literary circle and published in local journals and papers. He began his career as a novelist with (1926), which Anderson helped him publish. Faulkner subsequently married the now-divorced Estelle and took on the responsibility of raising her two children at Rowan Oak, an antebellum mansion he restored in Oxford, his home for the rest of his life. Estelle presented Faulkner with a daughter Jill, their only child. Faulkner struggled to make ends meet by cranking out short stories, since his novels usually had scant sales. He supplemented his income by writing screenplays in Hollywood, where he had a love affair with the script-supervisor Meta Carpenter, the first of several mistresses. Over the years 1929–1942 Faulkner produced many short stories and seven masterworks: (1929), (1930), (1931), (1932), (1936), (1942), and (1940). Most are set in and around Jefferson, the seat of Yoknapatawpha County, sites modeled on Oxford and Lafayette County. The extravagant praise Faulkner garnered from French critics such as Sartre and Malraux, coupled with the publication of Irving Howe’s (1946), caused a revival in both his reputation and his sales. It also led to an apparent decision to write more morally directed books, such as his World War I novel (1954), and two Snopes novels; many critics see a decline in the master’s powers in the later works. Employing experimental, modernist prose, Faulkner revolutionized Southern letters, exploring family dynamics, sexuality, alienation, and most profoundly, racial relations. Several novels involve slavery, the Civil War, and Reconstruction, but others concentrate on the turbulent events of his own time, including two world wars, Prohibition, the Depression, and the growing effects of modern industrial culture on an agrarian region. In the latter part of his life, Faulkner traveled extensively for the US State Department, and continued to intermittently write for Hollywood. He won the Pulitzer Prize twice, for lesser works, and (1962), and was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.