Political Philosophy: Thomas Hobbes Leviathan Quotes. …
Thomas Hobbes - America's Survival Guide
Some authors have suggested that Locke may have had an additionalconcern in mind in writing the chapter on property. Tully (1993) andBarbara Arneil point out that Locke was interested in and involved inthe affairs of the American colonies and that Locke's theory of laborled to the convenient conclusion that the labor of Native Americansgenerated property rights only over the animals they caught, not theland on which they hunted which Locke regarded as vacant and availablefor the taking. Armitage even argues that there is evidence that Lockewas actively involved in revising the Fundamental Constitutionsof Carolina at the same time he was drafting the chapter onproperty for the Second Treatise. Mark Goldie, however,cautions that we should not miss the fact that political events inEngland were still Locke's primary focus in writing the the SecondTreatise.
Social Contract Theory | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
The most direct reading of Locke's political philosophy finds theconcept of consent playing a central role. His analysis begins withindividuals in a state of nature where they are not subject to acommon legitimate authority with the power to legislate or adjudicatedisputes. From this natural state of freedom and independence, Lockestresses individual consent as the mechanism by which politicalsocieties are created and individuals join those societies. Whilethere are of course some general obligations and rights that allpeople have from the law of nature, special obligations come aboutonly when we voluntarily undertake them. Locke clearly states that onecan only become a full member of society by an act of express consent(Two Treatises 2.122). The literature on Locke's theory ofconsent tends to focus on how Locke does or does not successfullyanswer the following objection: few people have actually consented totheir governments so no, or almost no, governments are actuallylegitimate. This conclusion is problematic since it is clearlycontrary to Locke's intention.