Summary of Sartre’s Theory of Human Nature | Reason …

The biology of evolution was explained by Charles Darwin in The Origin of Species (1859), and he expanded his finding to include human evolution in The Descent of Man (1871), which was published the same year as Primitive Culture. While Darwin concentrated on biology, Tylor focused solely on the evolution of human culture. In this, he participated in a lengthy philosophical tradition explaining human development from its beginning to the present day. This speculative practice extends back to classical antiquity. In De Rerum Natura (The Way Things Are), recounting the even earlier ideas of the Greek philosopher Epicurus (341-270 BCE), the Roman poet Lucretius (99-55 BCE) told the dramatic story of a turbulent primal earth that generated all forms of life, including giant humans, who would slowly come together to create social groupings. Lucretius was particularly concerned with the development of beliefs about supernatural beings, which he viewed as anthropomorphic attempts to explain the natural world. In medieval Europe, Lucretius’s ideas were largely forgotten in favor of the Christian account of human origins in Genesis. But by the eighteenth century, philosophers proposed new, secular accounts that minimized the story of Genesis. In Scienza nuova (1744; The New Science), the Italian Giambattista Vico (1688-1744) proposed a theory of human origins that incorporated many of Lucretius’s ideas, including the gigantic stature of early man, and he reiterated the anthropomorphic explanation for the rise in beliefs about gods. Indeed, the first of Vico’s 141 axioms explains the importance of human self-projection as a means of explaining the world around them: “By its nature, the human mind is indeterminate; hence, when man is sunk in ignorance, he makes himself the measure of the universe” (75).

Personality Theories used in Social Work | Florence …

This lesson will give you an overview of the major human development theories
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Journal of Human Values - Home | Facebook

I am not afraid to say that the principle of self-interest rightly understood appears to me the best suited of all philosophical theories to the wants of the men of our time, and that I regard it as their chief remaining security against themselves. Towards it, therefore, the minds of the moralists of our age should turn; even should they judge it to be incomplete, it must nevertheless be adopted as necessary.

What are the seminal theories of human small and …

The concentration of human and social problems within these zones is not the inevitable “natural” result of some abstract laws of nature but rather the actions of some of the most powerful groups in a city (urban planners, politicians, wealthy business leaders, and so on). Thrasher’s Theory of Gangs Frederic Thrasher did the first detailed study of gangs in Chicago in the 1920sHe concluded that the control mechanisms of local institutions is revealed by:the disintegration of family lifeinefficiency of schoolsformalism and externality of religioncorruption and indifference in local politicslow wages and monotony in occupational activitiesUnemploymentLack of opportunity for wholesome recreation.All these factors enter into the picture of the moral and economic frontierCoupled with deterioration in the housing, sanitation, and other conditions of life in the slum, gives the impression of general disorganization and decay.The gang functions with reference to these conditions in two waysIt offers a substitute for what society fails to giveIt provides a relief from suppression and distasteful behavior.

Clare W. Graves 1914-1986, American clinical psychologist and originator of the
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Management Theories - Management Methods | Management …

Out of 5.8 billion people in the world, the majority of them are certainly not believers in Buddhism. We can't argue with them, tell them they should be believers. No! Impossible! And, realistically speaking, if the majority of humanity remain nonbelievers, it doesn't matter. No problem! The problem is that the majority have lost, or ignore, the deeper human values - compassion, a sense of responsibility. That is our big concern.

Argyris and Schon's theory on congruence and learning

Liberalism is a perspective on international politics which views the state as the unit of analysis, but also includes international law, international organizations and nongovernmental organizations as increasingly important factors in world politics. Liberal theorists reject the Realist presumption that international relations are a zero-sum game, but instead view them as a system of interactions holding the potential for mutual gain. Cooperative and peaceful international behaviors are therefore both possible and desirable. Many Liberals also hold that republican government and democratic capitalism tend toward increasingly harmonious interstate relations, or propound the “democratic peace theory” that liberal democracies are inherently disinclined to make war against each other. Contemporary Liberal scholars of international relations typically pursue research on economic and political inter dependence and non military sources of power (e.g., economic power and “soft power”), as well as such subjects as minority rights and free trade issues. Although Liberalism has long argued that economic and political integration produce peace, some scholars have called for offensive military actions against illiberal regimes. Samuel Huntington sees Liberalism as a uniquely European phenomenon and predicts conflict with other civilizations, while Francis Fukuyama has argued that Liberalism represents the final stage in human political evolution.

Motivation is the reason for people's actions, desires, and needs

Biological positivism locates the causes of crime within the individual's physical makeup;psychological positivism suggests the causes are in faulty personality development; sociological positivism stresses certain social factors within one's environment or surrounding culture and social structureSome of these variations will be explored here, especially the sociological views. Body Types Humans can be divided into three basic body types or .