Yalta, Potsdam and the Truman Doctrine | the cold war

The war with Germany was over, but no agreement had been reached on her long-term future beyond what had been decided at Yalta. It was understood that Germany should be disarmed, the Nazi Party disbanded and its leaders tried as ‘war criminals’. Truman and Churchill had already been antagonised because the part of Germany east of the Oder-Neisse line occupied by Russian forces was being run by the pro-communist Polish government. This was precisely what Churchill and Roosevelt had refused at Yalta. What was more, the Polish government had started to expel some 5 million Germans living in this area.

The Tehran, Yalta and Potsdam Conferences - GCSE …

The Teheran, Yalta and Potsdam Conferences

After the German surrender in July 1945 the Big Three met again in Potsdam, just outside Berlin. The main representatives were Stalin, Truman (Roosevelt’s successor as President of the USA) and Churchill (who was then replaced by Clement Attlee after the Labour victory in the British general election of 1945). The conference revealed a distinct cooling-off in the relations between East and West.

Stalin vs Truman Doctrine? – Bourne Historians

So, to sum up the Yalta Conference, whilst some agreements had been secured, it was by no means certain that promises during wartime would be carried out and grounds for mutual suspicion grew.

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But in the Middle East the Soviet was obliged to withdraw from Iran. In Yugoslavia a non-Stalinist regime developed. There was outstanding success in Europe, thanks to the Truman Doctrine, inaugurated in 1947.

The Yalta Conference, also known as the Crimea conference and code named the Argonaut Conference, held from 4 to 11 February, 1945, was the World War II meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union for the purpose of discussing Germany and Europe's postwar reorganization. The three …

With the unconditional surrender of Germany on May 8, 1945, a meeting of Truman, Stalin and Winston Churchill, the British Prime Minister, became necessary to consider Europe's problems and to prepare, in accordance with Yalta, for Soviet entry into the Pacific war. Twice delayed by Truman pending the plutonium-bomb test at Alamogordo, N.M., the conference at Potsdam began July 17--the day Truman learned the bomb was a success--and lasted through Aug. 1. It was the President's only meeting with Stalin and his first with Churchill, with whom he formed a lasting friendship.

JFK PRESS CONFERENCE 1961 | jfkplusfifty

By the end of 1943 as the war situation improved, the Big Three started to look forward to the prospects for peace. At the Teheran Conference in November Stalin met with Churchill and Roosevelt for the first time. The Red Army had just begun to push the Germans back after the Battle of Stalingrad, the Germans had been forced out of Africa, Italy had been invaded and America had halted the Japanese in the Pacific. In more confident mood, the Big Three made it clear that they had one aim: the destruction of Germany and Japan. Britain and America agreed to open a second front against the Germans early in 1944 by invading northern France. Stalin, in turn, promised to enter the war against Japan as soon as Germany was defeated. After the war Russia was promised compensation in Poland, whilst Poland would gain some German territory, and all the leaders agreed on the idea of a new world peace organisation to replace the League of Nations.

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The next day Truman flew back to Washington for a Blair House conference with his diplomatic and military advisers. As they were meeting, the Security Council (which the Soviet Union was boycotting at the moment) approved, 9 to 0, a resolution ordering the North Koreans to halt their invasion and to withdraw their forces. (Yugoslavia abstained on the roll-call.)

Origins of the Cold War 1945-49 - GCSE Modern World …

To head the NATO command, Truman had one man in mind--Dwight D. Eisenhower, whose organizational skills the President admired. With the general in charge, NATO quickly shaped common defense measures for Europe, and by early 1950 its nations were receiving the first of many hundreds of shipments of American arms. Military might was reinforcing the economic recovery fostered through the Marshall Plan and the Truman Doctrine.