West Chou king and the earliest reputed Silk Road traveller.

Trade was made easier when the Chinese acquired Xinjiang (also called Chinese Turkestan) in 104-102 BCE. The caravans received some protection from the authorities for a substantial part of their route. Moreover, bridges and paved roads were constructed. Beyond the Jade Gate, the political situation was more complex: the Pamirs were dominated by sometimes aggressive mountain tribes and the empires of the and were fighting a more or less permanent war. Nonetheless, the Chinese received horses and other valuable articles - myrrh, frankincense, ostrich eggs, glass, furs, aloe, gemstones - from the west; and the Parthians, Seleucids, Greeks and Romans acquired ceramics and bales of silk, which had been carried by donkeys, mules, horses, yaks and camels for almost thousands of kilometers. (An overview of road stations can be found in the by Isidore of .) Another product that came to the west was the walnut tree.

For the first two centuries, the Silk Road reaches its golden age.

The Silkroad comes to an end for purposes of silk.
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About the Silk Road | SILK ROAD

The largest part of his travel account describes India; the account is of some interest for his advice to fellow Christian merchants to leave their faith at home and profess Islam if they wished to prosper on the Silk Road.

Silk Road China: Route, History, Map, Photos, Tour Tips

Rabban Bar Sauma and Markos.Önggüd (Turkic) Nestorian monks who traveled from Tai-tu, Qubilai Khan's northern capital, to the Middle East, via the southern branch of the Silk Road (through Khotan and Kashgar).

One of the most dramatic finds of Tang silks along the Silk Road was made in 1907 by Aurel Stein.
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The Silk Road Through Afghanistan – Foreign Policy

When the Chinese traders went home, they first passed along the Desert Without Return (Taklamakan), obtained jade in Khotan, and reached the Jade Gate (Yumen), which is traditionally viewed as the western end of the Great Wall. From here, they continued to modern Lanzhou, from where they could go to Chang'an, the City of Eternal Peace, which may be regarded as the last station of the road.

Building the New Silk Road | Council on Foreign Relations

However high-quality silk textiles, woven in China especially for the Middle Eastern market, continued to bring high prices in the West, and trade along the Silk Road therefore continued as before.

Goods of the Silk Road - history of the caravan trade

Some time around 1015, Buddhist monks, possibly alarmed by the threat of invasion by a Tibetan people, the Tanguts, sealed more than ten thousand manuscripts and silk paintings, silk banners, and textiles into a room at the Caves of the Thousand Buddhas near Dunhuang, a station on the Silk Road in north-west Gansu.

Belief Systems Along the Silk Road | Asia Society

SILK AND ITS TRADESilk became a precious commodity highly sought by other countries at a very early time, and it is believed that the silk trade was actually started before the Silk Road was officially opened in the second century BC.

Tales from the new Silk Road - BBC News

Chang'an was the capital of China under the rule of he emperors of the Han dynasty (206 BCE - 220 CE). Under the emperor Wu Di (141-87), the Silk road was really opened. This ruler had to campaign against the Hsiung-nu nomads in the north - they are believed to be the ancestors of the Huns - and c.130 BCE he sent out his general Zang Qian to find allies and to buy the famous Iranian war horses from . Although Zang Qian failed in his mission, he had visited and had found the way to the west.