The ALA has affirmed a right to privacy since 1939
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to issue privacy regulations governing ..
This essay will discuss all of these topics, namely, (1) thehistorical roots of the concept of privacy, including the developmentof privacy protection in tort and constitutional law, and thephilosophical responses that privacy is merely reducible to otherinterests or is a coherent concept with fundamental value, (2) thecritiques of privacy as a right, (3) the wide array of philosophicaldefinitions or defenses of privacy as a concept, providing alternativeviews on the meaning and value of privacy (and whether or not it isculturally relative), as well as (4) the challenges to privacy posedin an age of technological advance. Overall, most writers defend thevalue of privacy protection despite the difficulties inherent in itsdefinition and its potential use to shield abuse. A contemporarycollection of essays on privacy provides strong evidence to supportthis point (Paul et al., 2000). The contributing authorsexamine various aspects of the right to privacy and its role in moralphilosophy, legal theory, and public policy. They also addressjustifications and foundational arguments for privacy rights.
11 Common Workplace Privacy Issues (and 4 Common …
Despite the well-established protection of tort privacy to controlinformation about oneself in the courts, and the almost universalacceptance of the value of informational privacy by philosophers andthe populace, Abraham L. Newman (2008) and others have persuasivelyargued that the United States (US), and multiple countries in Asia, hasdeveloped a limited system of privacy protection that focuses onself-regulation within industry and government so that personalinformation is often readily available. In contrast, the EuropeanUnion (EU) and others have adopted an alternative vision highlightingconsumer protection and individual privacy against the economicinterests of firms and public officials. This latter modeldeveloped from comprehensive rules about data privacy enacted in theEU’s Data Protection Directive in 1995, now adopted in some formby all 27 EU nations. European-style privacy protectionregulations have spread rapidly across the industrial world, with theUnited States as a major exception, and have transformed and led theglobal privacy debate, while the US has relied on a more laissez-fairementality about protection of personal information and a patchwork ofprivacy guidelines. This patchwork includes privacy regulationson student records, video rentals, the Children’s Online PrivacyProtection Act (COPPA, 2000), the Health Insurance Portability andAccountability Act (HIPPA, 2006) and more.
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