Plato, The Allegory of the Cave - History Guide
Plato's Allegory of The Cave: Meaning and Interpretation
In his book - The Republic, Plato covers and explains the effect of many interesting aspects like libertarianism, afterlife, truth, justice, etc., on society from the perspective of a philosopher.
The Allegory of the Cave is a hypothetical scenario, described by Plato, in the form of an enlightening conversation between Socrates and his brother, Glaucon.
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His vision being temporarily overcome by the intense light, the outside world was beyond his comprehension.
Slowly he gets used to the existence of the new world, which delineates the fallacy of that inside the cave.
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In his old situation, he remembers how they would compete to recognize each passing shadow, that of which is nothing compared to what he is able to grasp and see now.
Now, what if this prisoner were to return to the cave, and find the other prisoners busy competing and asking him to join in, wouldn't the shadows appear blur to him because his sight is still weak by the sudden exposure and before he could adjust to the darkness, the prisoners start to ridicule him for having lost his eyesight.
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They revert to accepting only what they see and feel, and even though the whole of the society had accepted the presence of the real world, the new dwellers of the cave, raised hearing only "stories" of the light, begin to ridicule those that don't believe life is only about the shadows they can see and hear.