Food Consumption Behavior by Jan-Benedict E.M. …
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Food processing removes some of the ..
As well as income-related variations, the role of fish innutrition shows marked continental, regional and national differences. Inindustrialized countries, where diets generally contain a more diversified rangeof animal proteins, a rise in per capita provision from 19.7 kg to 27.7 kg seemsto have occurred. This represents a growth rate close to 1% per year. In thisgroup of countries, fish contributed an increasing share of total protein intakeuntil 1989 (accounting for between 6.5% and 8.5%), but since then its importancehas gradually declined and, in 1997, its percentage contribution was back to thelevel prevailing in the mid-1980s. In the early 1960s, per capita fish supply inlow-income food-deficit countries was, on average, only 30% of that of therichest countries. This gap has been gradually reduced, such that in 1997,average fish consumption in these countries was 70% of that of the more affluenteconomies. Despite the relatively low consumption by weight in low-incomefood-deficit countries, the contribution of fish to total animal protein intakeis considerable (nearly 20%). Over the past four decades, however, the share offish proteins in animal proteins has declined slightly, because of faster growthin the consumption of other animal products.
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The total food fish supply and hence consumption has beengrowing at a rate of 3.6% per year since 1961, while the worlds populationhas been expanding at 1.8% per year. The proteins derived from fish, crustaceansand molluscs account for between 13.8% and 16.5% of the animal protein intake ofthe human population. The average apparent per capita consumption increased fromabout 9 kg per year in the early 1960s to 16 kg in 1997. The per capitaavailability of fish and fishery products has therefore nearly doubled in 40years, outpacing population growth.
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