Natural Law and Natural Rights - Jim

Many scholars reject this position. Yolton, Colman, Ashcraft, Grant,Simmons, Tuckness and others all argue that there is nothing strictlyinconsistent in Locke's admission in The Reasonableness ofChristianity. That no one has deduced all of natural law fromfirst principles does not mean that none of it has been deduced. Thesupposedly contradictory passages in the Two Treatises arefar from decisive. While it is true that Locke does not provide adeduction in the Essay, it is not clear that he was tryingto. Section 4.10.1–19 of that work seems more concerned to showhow reasoning with moral terms is possible, not to actually provide afull account of natural law. Nonetheless, it must be admitted thatLocke did not treat the topic of natural law as systematically as onemight like. Attempts to work out his theory in more detail withrespect to its ground and its content must try to reconstruct it fromscattered passages in many different texts.

Karma and karmaphala are fundamental concepts in Buddhism

Aristotle: Ethics | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

“Natural Law” Arguments Against Same Sex Marriage …

The virtues, like everything else in one’s will, are a responseto reasons. But practical reasons (i.e. reasons for action) arepropositional: they can be stated as principles and other standards,more or less specific. So principles, ultimately the first principlesof practical reason (that is, of natural law), are more fundamental toethics than virtues are. Aquinas accepts Aristotle’s notion thatevery virtue is a mean between too much and too little, and heconstantly stresses that it is reason — with the principles andrules (regulae) it understands — that settles the meanand thus determines what is too much or too little. Indeed, theprinciples of practical reason (natural law) establish the ends of thevirtues: ST II-II q. 47 a. 6. And the master virtue ofbringing practical reasonableness into all one’s deliberations,choices, and carrying out of choices — the virtue ofprudentia, a virtue both intellectual (of one’sintelligence) and moral (of one’s whole will and character)— is part of the definition, content, and influence of everyother moral virtue: ST I-II q. 65 a. 1, q. 66 a. 3 ad 3,etc.

Yale Law Journal - Natural Rights and the First …

To understand Locke's position on the ground of natural law it must besituated within a larger debate in natural law theory that predatesLocke, the so-called “voluntarism-intellectualism,” or“voluntarist-rationalist” debate. At its simplest, thevoluntarist declares that right and wrong are determined by God's willand that we are obliged to obey the will of God simply because it isthe will of God. Unless these positions are maintained, thevoluntarist argues, God becomes superfluous to morality since both thecontent and the binding force of morality can be explained withoutreference to God. The intellectualist replies that this understandingmakes morality arbitrary and fails to explain why we have anobligation to obey God.

corporate social responsibility
in which moral law is used as a solid basis for deciding what makes good or bad law in ..

Law and the original covenant 4.

confining or negative but rather facilitating and positive: ..

I will reflect on some of the positive and negative ..