The Treaty of Westphalia | History Today
Peaceful - definition of peaceful by The Free Dictionary
This huge and solid monograph on the Thirty Years War includes chapters on the Westphalian peace congress and the aftermath. The focus is strictly on the great political decisions and military development, so the book does not offer a thorough inside view of the negotiations or the peace.
The Thirty Years’ War and the Peace of Westphalia
The Dutch did so in despite ofthe 1644 treaty of alliance between themselves and the French, underwhich they had pledged to make no separate peace with Spain.
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The Edict of Restitution was finally laid in its grave. ThePeace set the to 1 January, 1624, with all lands in Protestant hands at that date toremain so for at least forty years. Since this date was before theImperial advances in north Germany attendant upon the Danish war, thenorth German Protestant lands were to remain secularized.
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The Princes of the Empire were granted an expanded version oftheir German liberties, the .They could make military alliances amongst themselves and withforeigners, could wage war and make peace, only provided the alliancesand wars were not directed against the Emperor. As the future was todisplay, this was an empty proviso.