Peace of Westphalia/Treaty of Westphalia

The most recent scholarly monograph on the Westphalian negotiations and peace is . (originally published in 1959) is still valuable due to the author’s long-term archive research, although it lacks many current aspects. The sometimes still-quoted is an unacceptable work of Nazi propaganda. covers the main problems of the negotiations and how they were solved in the peace. gives a short overview of the major conflicts that broke out and developed, until their settlement in 1648. Some monographs on the Thirty Years War also offer information on the peace (, , , ), but they are more focused on the wider political or military frame, or both. , a reference work, includes the variety of new research being done in the late 1990s and provides short explanations of terms, persons, topics, and so on that concern the Peace of Westphalia.

The Treaty of Westphalia | History Today

Westphalia: History of the German region of Westphalia.

Peaceful - definition of peaceful by The Free Dictionary

This huge and solid monograph on the Thirty Years War includes chapters on the Westphalian peace congress and the aftermath. The focus is strictly on the great political decisions and military development, so the book does not offer a thorough inside view of the negotiations or the peace.

The Thirty Years’ War and the Peace of Westphalia

The Dutch did so in despite ofthe 1644 treaty of alliance between themselves and the French, underwhich they had pledged to make no separate peace with Spain.

Croxton, Derek, and Anuschka Tischer. The Peace of Westphalia: A Historical Dictionary. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2002.

SparkNotes: Nations and States: The Rise of the Nation …

The Edict of Restitution was finally laid in its grave. ThePeace set the to 1 January, 1624, with all lands in Protestant hands at that date toremain so for at least forty years. Since this date was before theImperial advances in north Germany attendant upon the Danish war, thenorth German Protestant lands were to remain secularized.

10 reasons why you really should visit North Rhine-Westphalia

The Princes of the Empire were granted an expanded version oftheir German liberties, the .They could make military alliances amongst themselves and withforeigners, could wage war and make peace, only provided the alliancesand wars were not directed against the Emperor. As the future was todisplay, this was an empty proviso.

Analyzes the development of problems, from the outbreak of the war in 1618 until the peace treaty in 1648.

The Peace of Westphalia, 1648-1948 – Leo Gross | …

Maximilian I perceiving thedifficulties in which the French found themselves and fearful thatthey and the Emperor would disregard his interests in making peace,determined to return to Imperial alliance. In September, 1647 heentered into the Treaty of Pilsen with Ferdinand III.

Follow these links for more information about the Peace of Westphalia and the end of the Thirty Years War:


This is most likely in most productions as underscore during the attack on Westphalia. It has only been recorded twice, first for the and later for the . Near the end, Bernstein ironically has the horn section reprise (and forcefully, at that) the theme from . And, of course, the music is quite prominently used in the as well.

Europe After The Peace Of Westphalia Image collections - Diagram Writing Sample And Guide

The Thirty Years War: Home Page - EarthLink

The Pope protested the loss of lands, but purely ,in order to preserve the Church’s rights should the warrekindle. Even these mild protests were met with a provision in thefinal treaty in which the parties agreed to ignore any formal protestthe Church might lodge. The Papacy itself was unwilling to endanger thefragile peace through excessive vigor in preservation of its rights:the bull formally protesting the settlement, ,was not issued until 20 August, 1650, although it was backdated to 26November, 1648.