The Return of Napoleon Bonaparte

(Feudalism, system of financial and judicial privileges for the aristocracy, was common in Europe at the beginning of Napoleon's reign, and was practically non-existent at the end.

Napoleon : napoleonic wars : battles - Napoleon Bonaparte

Napoleon became obsessed with the problem of making his dynasty legitimate and permanent.

Small in stature, Napoleon Bonaparte left behind a huge legacy

Black - "From Louis XIV to Napoleon: the fate of a great power"
Blaufarb - "The French Army 1750-1820"
Chandler - "Waterloo - the hundred days"
Cronin - "Napoleon Bonaparte, an intimate biography"
Delderfield - "The Retreat from Moscow"
Kircheisen - "Napoleon New York" publ.

Napoleon - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Serfdom was abolished even in countries allied with Napoleon, like Duchy of Warsaw.)
- society was secularized, the educational system was improved
- the bourgeoisie became the new class of privilege and status
Napoleon also:
- encouraged industrialization, and sponsored the sciences and arts
- granted freedom of worship for all denominations
- brought the smallpox vaccination to the continent
- opened careers to talented people, not caring if they were peasant or noble (Without Napoleon, meritocracy, a relatively unpopular concept during his time, would not have acted to transform societies and unleash the tremendous creative power of individuals born to "lower social classes".)
- instituted the metric system, which has had a profound influence on the world
Outstanding American generals, such as Ulysses S.

It was Napoleon himself who helped to create this legend, and of course, the legend lives on.

Napoleon und Europa: Traum und Trauma - review ..

While Napoleon is often seen in terms of his military image, he was also one of history's great administrators. Napoleon set out to make France the greatest nation of Europe. To do this, he proposed many changes and projects, ranging from a complete re-do of the nation's legal system, including the establishment of the civil , to a massive road construction project.

Which was the biggest mistake Napoleon Bonaparte made during ..

During much of the middle and late period of the French Revolution (1796-1799), the young General Bonaparte had been winning battles and gaining great popularity among the French people. This was largely due to his image as a savior of the Revolution, an image which remains today. In 1799, he participated in a coup d'état which established a three person consulate with him as first consul. Under the newly established system of government, most of the power rested with Napoleon. On December 2, 1804, First Consul Bonaparte became Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, and his control over the government became virtually complete.


The real value of an institution may be in its ability to survive the ravages of time. On this basis, one must evaluate the Napoleonic educational system in mostly favorable terms. After the downfall of Napoleon, it might have been expected that his system would be abolished, or greatly modified. There has certainly been some turmoil in French education over the years, especially as regards the role of the Catholic Church. During the Third Republic, the separation of church and state was made complete, and the teaching of religion was no longer part of the public school curriculum. Thus, the curriculum of Napoleon was replaced by that of the Revolution. The Imperial University has, of course, disappeared, but centralized control lives on in the Minister of Public Instruction. The continues and, indeed, plays an even more important role. It is a virtually self-contained unit, and graduation from a lycée is adequate for many careers (unlike, say, the American high school.) As in Napoleonic times, French education is much more stratified and elitist in nature than in the American system; success and progression are based on examination results rather than on the belief in universal education.

What was it like to live in America during the colonial period

Tactfully he commanded pictures of his Austrian victories removed from all palace walls." ()Archduchess Marie-Louise of Austria had blue "slanting cat eyes, a rosy complexion."
She liked rich food, feared ghosts (could not go to sleep without candles burning) and loved sex. On her wedding night, delighted with Napoleon's performance invited him "to do it again." On 20 March 1811, Marie Louise gave birth to a son, François-Joseph-Charles Bonaparte.

the overwhelming majority of which is dedicated to ..

Napoleon had long been concerned about the teaching profession. He recognized the central importance of teachers to the educational system. He had at times suggested that the teaching profession should take on some of the characteristics of an order, or corporation, with very specific expectations, privileges, and rewards. He had, for example, in a of February 14, 1805, suggested that beginning teachers might be forbidden from marriage. On the other hand, by the end of his career a teacher should see himself in the highest ranks of state officials, having been placed under the protection of the Emperor himself.