The overthrow of Jacobo Arbenz. - WriteWork

On May 23, 1997 the CIA released several hundred formerly classified documents pertaining to the United States involvement in the 1954 coup in Guatemala. Although representing only a fraction of the existing government files, these records nonetheless revealed the determination of the CIA to prohibit the spread of communism to the nations of Latin America during the Cold War. Planning for American intervention in Guatemala began in 1952 when the president of Nicaragua, Anastasio Somoza, solicited U.S. assistance to overthrow the democratically elected (1950) Guatemalan leader, Jacobo Arbenz Guzman. Apprehensive of Arbenz’s land reform efforts and the freedom afforded to the communist party under the current regime, President Truman authorized the shipment of weapons and money to anti-Arbenz groups. Within five weeks the operation to topple Arbenz quickly fizzled when representatives loyal to the president uncovered the plot and took steps to solidify their power.

the CIA had begun recruiting an opposition force to overthrow him

The CIA organizes a small force to overthrow him and begins training it in Honduras.

The Overthrow Of The Arbenz Government – Gorilla School

El Salvador — An idealistic group of young military officers, repulsed by the massacre of the poor, overthrows the right-wing government. However, the U.S. compels the inexperienced officers to include many of the old guard in key positions in their new government. Soon, things are back to "normal" — the military government is repressing and killing poor civilian protesters. Many of the young military and civilian reformers, finding themselves powerless, resign in disgust.

The Overthrow Of The Arbenz Government

Subtext: This official document was intended only for members of the CIA and high-ranking government officials. The author was likely a CIA agent working in Guatemala. The document was produced during the investigation into President Arbenz's alliances and questioned his possible affiliation to the Communist Party in Guatemala. The author clearly believed there was a communist threat in Guatemala, but did not think that Arbenz constituted a threat to the United States.

US officials, he warned, must be careful with which Latin American governments they associate.

allowed the CIA to penetrate and overthrow Arbenz

Castillo received a strong financial andlogistic support from the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to preparehis Army in Honduran territory to attack Guatemala. The CIA'sinvolvement had been approved by Eisenhower as a way to stop what theyconsidered a spread of Communism in the Americas. CIA's director wasAllen Dulles, brother of the American Secretary of State, John FosterDulles. In June, 1954 the troops of Carlos Castillo crossedtheHonduran-Guatemalan border and began their attack against Arbenzgovernment. By this time not only was Arbenz internationally isolatedbut he had also lost much support from his own army and peasantpopulation. Young Argentinean doctor, Ernesto Guevara (later known as"El Ché), attempted to organize some civil militias along withseveral members of the Communist Party. However, most of theGuatemalans felt they were in a very weak position compared to theinvading Army, after they heard from a clandestine radio that reporteda larger invading army and the bomber that dropped some bombs aroundGuatemala City. The demolarized population simply resigned to bedefeated by Castillo.

The company wished to make an example of Guatamala so that other host governments would not dare oppose it.

The Overthrow of the Hawaiian Monarchy Flashcards | Quizlet

memorandum), “ will be impossible to produce evidence clearly tying the Guatemalan government to Moscow; that the decision must be a political one and based on our deep conviction that such a tie must exist.”

The job of removing Arbenz was first offered to Kermit Roosevelt, who had headed the CIA operation in Iran, yet he declined.

The first provisional government lasts only 17 days; the second Roosevelt finds too left-wing and refuses to recognize.

United Fruit's Overthrow of the Guatemalan Government

The liberal Arevalo pushed dramatic reforms including Social Security, Health Care, and the creation of a department within the Guatemalan government to look after the affairs of the nation’s Mayan (native) population. In 1951 Arevalo was succeeded Colonel Jacobo Arbenz Guzman. Guzman, as well as continuing Arevalo’s reforms, implemented his own liberal reforms including a radical redistribution of land. This program involved the redistribution of one hundred and sixty thousand (160,000) acres of uncultivated land owned by an American owned firm that was then called United Fruit Company (and is now called Chiquita).

President Dwight Eisenhower to threaten Arbenz because Eisenhower and many other prominent American government officials had stock in United Fruit.

The plan was to remove Arbenz from government ..

El Salvador — The Archbishop of San Salvador, Oscar Romero, pleads with President Carter "Christian to Christian" to stop aiding the military government slaughtering his people. Carter refuses. Shortly afterwards, right-wing leader Roberto D’Aubuisson has Romero shot through the heart while saying Mass. The country soon dissolves into civil war, with the peasants in the hills fighting against the military government. The CIA and U.S. Armed Forces supply the government with overwhelming military and intelligence superiority. CIA-trained death squads roam the countryside, committing atrocities like that of El Mazote in 1982, where they massacre between 700 and 1000 men, women and children. By 1992, some 63,000 Salvadorans will be killed.