The African Slave Trade and the Middle Passage - PBS

Slaves bound for the North American British colonies overcame tremendous odds to reach their destinations. The dreaded "Middle Passage" often claimed half or more of its human cargo. Most of the survivors lived harsh lives as plantation slaves. Some lived in the towns and learned trades and some lived as domestic slaves, particularly in the North. Often overlooked are free African Americans, who managed to escape or were lucky enough to be granted their freedom.

The Middle Passage - Olaudah Equiano - Brycchan Carey

Africans in America/Part 1/The Middle Passage - PBS

The Maryland Middle Passage Committee

That the seamen employed in the slave-trade were worse fed, both in point
of quantity and quality or provisions, than the seamen in other trades, was
allowed by most of the witnesses, and that they had little or no shelter night
or day from the inclemency of the weather, during the whole of the Middle
Passage, was acknowledged by them all. With respect to their personal ill
usage, the following extracts may suffice:

Middle Passage Theme | Slavery | History Of Slavery

All the above incidents, described as to have happened on the Middle Pas-
sage, are amply corroborated by the other witnesses. The slaves lie on the
bare boards, says surgeon Wilson. They are frequently bruised, and the prom-
inent parts of the body excoriated, adds the same gentleman, as also Trotter
and Newton. They have been seen by Morley wallowing in their blood and
excrement. Claxton, Ellison, and Hall describe them as refusing sustenance,
and compelled to eat by the whip. Morley has seen the pannekin dashed
against their teeth, and the rice held in their mouths, to make them swallow it,
till they were almost strangled, and they have even been thumb-screwed* with
this view in the ships of Towne and Millar. The man stolen at Galenas river,
says the former, also refused to eat, and persisted till he died. A woman, says
the latter, who was brought on board, refused sustenance, neither would she
speak. She was then ordered the thumb-screws, suspended in the mizzen rig-
ging, and every attempt was made with the cat to compel her to eat, but to no
purpose. She died in three or four days afterwards. Mr. Millar was told that
she had said, the night before she died, "She was going to her friends."

The annual Tribute to Our Ancestors of the Middle Passage at Coney Island Beach is an important historical event, that does deserve to be documented.
The Middle Passage was truly a holocaust, likely the most deadly long-distance migration in human history.

The New Middle Passage | HuffPost

More than 12.5 million people were taken from Africa in the four centuries of the Atlantic slave trade. The transport of African slaves formed one leg of the Triangular Trade, an economic system that drastically altered the societies of four continents. The sheer scale of the trade can obscure the experiences of individuals. In this lesson, students consider individual experiences of the Middle Passage by exploring a textbook account and four primary sources.

Middle passage - definition of middle passage by The …

Middle Passage Summary | SuperSummary

I recently acquired this image (and book) and thought that it would be an interesting addition to the site. The image of the placement of slaves on a ship is a popular reference used when trying to visually convey the conditions of the middle passage. (What pictorial US history book does not include a similar picture?) When I found this image I wished to share it primarily for its popularity in that respect.

This one-page guide includes a plot summary and brief analysis of Middle Passage by Charles R

Newport Middle Passage Project - Home | Facebook

A holocaust that’s barely been acknowledged, and that few even know about, much less know the extent of the suffering surrounding it.

The event I stumbled upon that long ago summer evening is officially known as “A Tribute to Our Ancestors of the Middle Passage.” It takes place every year on the second Saturday of June near the Coney Island pier.

The earliest photos in this essay are from 2005, the most recent from 2013.