Follow Theme and Motif trails in the text of the Decameron

1. During this life, the justified "are not exempt from a lifelong struggle against the contradiction to God within the selfish desires of the old Adam (see Gal. 5:16; Rom. 7:7-10)" (JDDJ, 28; cf. Trent DS 1515 and 1690 and LC, Baptism, paras. 65-67236).

This was the time of year of the latter rain (March/April).

It smote that of which they were ready to boast into feebleness and death.

The sinner can do nothing without the grace of Jesus Christ.29

Traditionally, courts have interpreted the authority of the states and the federal government broadly, giving great deference to public health officials. Still, even broad authority is not unfettered. Detained persons have a right to a court review of their detention's legality. Moreover, constitutional guarantees of equal protection and due process must be respected.

The Jubilee year begins on this day (Lev 25:9).

The theological battlefield, where no one won a victory, left results that were to lastlonger than the military campaigns of Justinian's reign. At the start of the reign boththe Orthodox and the Monophysites resisted the idea of a split in Christendom butby its end, there was a Monophysite hierarchy in place and though there was still nopermanent schism de iure, one did exist de facto. When became emperor in518, the 'Acacian Schism' still existed and Vitalian, who had raised rebellion twiceagainst the Monophysite emperor , driven by acombination of orthodoxzeal and ambition, was still lurking in his native province of Scythia Minor with theremains of his military force. immediately sent a letter toPope Hormisdasinviting him to send legates to Constantinople to discuss healing the breach, andJustinian sent a letter as well, summoning Hormisdas in person. (Hormisdas did notcome.) The breach was healed; on Holy Thursday, 519, the patriarch ofConstantinople accepted Rome's conditions. Severus, patriarch of Antioch, thetheological luminary of the Monophysites, escaped to Egypt where the patriarch ofAlexandria gave him refuge. Vitalian returned to Constantinople where he becameMaster of the Soldiers in the capital, consul in 520, and then was murdered, probablyat Justinian's instigation. But the settlement was illusive, as Justinian soon realized,and within months he was advocating a compromise put forward by a group ofmonks from Scythia Minor which got the support of Vitalian, who came from therehimself. Hormisdas himself did not reject this so-called "Theopaschite Doctrine" outof hand, though in the end, he did. But it was vigorously denounced by ardentwatchdogs of orthodoxy in Constantinople, the 'Sleepless Monks', so calledbecause they kept up an endless doxology with teamwork day and night in theirmonastery on the eastern side of the Bosporus.

There is no syllable of complaint that the Divine stroke is too heavy.

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[they] are made innocent, immaculate, pure, [and] guiltless.70

If anyone shall say that the one justified sins, when he performs good works with a view of eternal reward: let him be anathema.71

If anyone shall say that men are justified either by the sole imputation of the justice of Christ, or by the sole remission of sins .

There is no word of personal justification; no shielding of self under another's fault.

In this, he struck at the very heart of Catholic orthodoxy.

Or could it be, asked Seripando, that notwithstanding the infusion of grace (), a justified man still needs mercy and the imputation of Christ's merit to make up what is lacking in his own experience?

34: Career of the Reformer—IV, ed.

Seripando, who had made a careful study of Luther's writings and had come under their influence to some extent, raised a significant question during the theological deliberations at Trent.

481. 67 Henry Denzinger, ad., The Sources of Catholic Dogma, trans.

What remained of the great emperor's achievement? His successor , out of acombination of necessity and foolhardiness, denied the 'barbarians' the subsidieswhich had played a major role in Justinian's defense of the frontiers, and, to be fair, which had also been provided by emperors before him. Subsidies had been part of policy as well, butthat was before the plague, while the imperial economy was still expanding. Theresult of change of policy was renewed hostilitywith Persia and a shift ofpower in the Balkans. In 567 the Avars and Lombards joined forces against theGepids and destroyed them. But the Lombards distrusted their allies and next yearthey migrated into Italy where Narses had just been removed from command andrecalled, though he disobeyed orders and stayed in Rome until his death. By the endof the century only a third of Italy was in Byzantine hands. On the eastern frontier, alienated the Ghassanid allies and lost the fortress ofDaras, a reverse whichoverwhelmed his frangible sanity. For this Justinian can hardly be blamed. No one can deny hisgreatness; a recent study by Asterios Gerostergios (see Bibliography) even lionizeshim. But if we look at his reign with the unforgiving eye of hindsight, it appears tobe a brilliant effort to stem the tide of history, and in the end, it was more a failurethan a moderate success.