They all had reservations about slavery, including the moral issues.
Obstacles to theremoval of slavery:
- Outram: the 18th century was the peak time forslavery in the – slaves were taken from to (by ),and to the English colonies in … Sugar,tobacco, coffee, and indigo were all very profitable, demand seemed insatiable,and there was a seemingly inexhaustible supply of cheap labour.
The Morality and Legality of Slavery
- though the constitution declared all men are createdequal, it also had clauses that perpetuated slavery: five slaves were countedas equivalent to three white men for the purposes of taxation (I have seen thisdefended as simply acknowledging that slaves were more poor…); it allowed theimportation of slaves for 20 more years (defended by Madison as better than notputting a time limit); and it required the return of escaped slaves to theirowners…
The history of slavery in Texas began slowly, ..
In 1825, a ship operated by the U.S. Revenue seized a slave ship, the Antelope, sailing under a Venezuelan flag with a cargo of 281 Africans. The case was brought before the U.S. Supreme Court, which issued a unanimous opinion declaring the slave trade to be a violation of natural law. Only some of the Africans were set free, however, since the ruling also held that the U.S. could not prescribe law for other nations, and the slave trade was legal in Spain, Portugal and Venezuela. The 39 Africans designated by the court as property of Spain and the Antelope itself were restored to their owners.
Issues of the American Civil War - Wikipedia
The Compromise of 1850 admitted California as a free state; voters in New Mexico and Utah territories would decide whether they would be slave or free upon applying for statehood.