They became extinct around 1920.
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Before the American Revolution, it was common from Maine to Virginia.
First published in 1934 and revised in 1962, this book gathers journalist and historian Joel Augustus Rogers’ columns from the syndicated newspaper feature titled Your History. Patterned after the look of Ripley’s popular Believe It or Not the multiple vignettes in each episode recount short items from Rogers’s research. The feature began in the Pittsburgh Courier in November 1934 and ran through the 1960s.
By 1920 their numbers had doubled to 200 birds.
The Wendat formed monogamous nuclear families who traced descent and inheritance through the female line. As among all the Iroquoian nations the fundamental socio-economic group was the matrilineal-extended family, made up of a number of nuclear families whose female members traced common descent to a mother or grandmother, who was in charge of daily affairs. The extended family lived in longhouses, which were about 7 m wide and varied in length with the size of the family. Houses up to 90 m in length have been reported from archaeological work. Wendat individuals belonged to one of eight matrilineal clans. Clan members considered themselves to be descended from a common mythical ancestor – Bear, Deer, Turtle, Beaver, Wolf, Loon/Sturgeon, Hawk or Fox – and were not permitted to marry within their clan. Some sources name Porcupine and Snake in place of Loon/Sturgeon and Fox. Clan membership was matrilineal; a child could not marry a member of their mother’s clan, but could marry a member of the clan of their father. The strength of the clan system was that members of a clan, no matter in what village or nation they lived, were obliged to help each other in time of need or war. Village affairs were run by two councils, one in charge of civil affairs, and the other of war. All men over 30 were members. In theory, matters were decided by consensus, but in reality the old men and elected chiefs of large families tended to dominate because of their community standing and powers of oratory. Unlike the older female members of the Haudenosaunee, Wendat women had little or no say in councils.
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