History of Programming Languages, computer …

To understand machine code you have to know how the machine works and this required a certain level of sophistication and hardware knowledge. At first this didn't matter because the programmers were the people who built the machine and hence they found it all perfectly natural. However as soon as more programmers were needed the difficulties of explaining machine code to potential programmers who knew nothing about hardware became apparent and a real problem.

The first programming languages predate the modern computer

Thousands of programming languages were invented in the first 50 years of the age of computing

History of computing hardware - Wikipedia

Algol 60 was particularly influential in the design of later languages, some of which soon became more popular. The Burroughs B5000 was designed to be programmed in an extended subset of Algol.

Computer programming | Computing | Khan Academy

In 1945, Konrad Zuse published details of his programming language Plankalkül. However, it was not implemented in his time and his original contributions were isolated from other developments because Germany was isolated during the war.

A History of computer programming languages

Timeline of general-purpose programming languages by Denis Sureau

The first electronic stored-program digital computer to be proposedin the U.S. was the EDVAC (see below). The ‘First Draft of aReport on the EDVAC’ (May 1945), composed by von Neumann,contained little engineering detail, in particular concerningelectronic hardware (owing to restrictions in the U.S.). Turing's‘Proposed Electronic Calculator’, on the other hand,supplied detailed circuit designs and specifications of hardware units,specimen programs in machine code, and even an estimate of the cost ofbuilding the machine (£11,200). ACE and EDVAC differedfundamentally from one another; for example, ACE employed distributedprocessing, while EDVAC had a centralised structure.

History of Computer Programming timeline | Timetoast …

F.H. Hinsley, official historian of GC&CS, has estimated thatthe war in Europe was shortened by at least two years as a result ofthe signals intelligence operation carried out at Bletchley Park, inwhich Colossus played a major role. Most of the Colossi were destroyedonce hostilities ceased. Some of the electronic panels ended up atNewman's Computing Machine Laboratory in Manchester (see below), alltrace of their original use having been removed. Two Colossi wereretained by GC&CS (renamed GCHQ following the end of the war). Thelast Colossus is believed to have stopped running in 1960.

According to many people, the first computer programmer was the English noblewoman Ada Lovelace

Programming Language | Computer History Museum

Exactly what ideas Mauchly got from Atanasoff isnot complely clear, and whether Atanasoff or Mauchly and Eckert deservecredit as the originators of the electronic digital computer was thesubject of legal battles and ongoing historical debate.

History Of Programming (Educational Video) - YouTube

History of Computer Languages - The Classical Decade, 1950s

In the 1940s the first recognizably modern, electrically powered computers were created. The limited speed and memory capacity forced programmers to write hand tuned assembly language programs. It was soon discovered that programming in assembly language required a great deal of intellectual effort and was error-prone.

The History of Programming Languages Infographic | …

The History of Programming Languages Infographic

The first working AI program, a draughts (checkers) player writtenby Christopher Strachey, ran on the Ferranti Mark I in the ManchesterComputing Machine Laboratory. Strachey (at the time a teacher at HarrowSchool and an amateur programmer) wrote the program with Turing'sencouragement and utilising the latter's recently completedProgrammers' Handbook for the Ferranti. (Strachey later became Directorof the Programming Research Group at Oxford University.) By the summerof 1952, the program could, Strachey reported, ‘play a completegame of draughts at a reasonable speed’. (Strachey's program formed thebasis for Arthur Samuel's well-known checkers program.) The firstchess-playing program, also, was written for the Manchester Ferranti,by Dietrich Prinz; the program first ran in November 1951. Designed forsolving simple problems of the mate-in-two variety, the program wouldexamine every possible move until a solution was found. Turing startedto program his ‘Turochamp’ chess-player on the FerrantiMark I, but never completed the task. Unlike Prinz's program, theTurochamp could play a complete game (when hand-simulated) and operatednot by exhaustive search but under the guidance of heuristics.