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The Arabs were prolific. They founded or resettled numerous fortified towns around Sicily. Most obviously, places whose names begin with or bear the phonetic mark of Arabic: Caltagirone, Caltabellotta, Caltanissetta, Calascibetta, Calamonaci, Caltavuturo, Calatafimi. Also in this category are places whose names begin with derivatives of (Gibilmanna, Gibellina) and (Regalbuto, Racalmuto). This expansion, and the fact that wealthier Muslims could have more than one wife, explains how Sicily's population doubled during the few centuries of Arab rule. There were also many conversions to Islam, especially of young Greek-Byzantine women marrying comparatively affluent Muslim men. These facile conversions reflect the fact that in the Mediterranean many of the social differences between Muslims, Christians and were fairly subtle well into the Middle Ages. Not for nothing did visitors such as and observe that the vast majority of Sicilian women dressed in a similar style which both chroniclers (being Muslim) described as the "Muslim" fashion; in fact some kind of was traditional among Sicily's Jews and Christians as well as its Arabs.
France in the Middle Ages - Wikipedia
Middle Ages, A History of the European
There the Greek tradition of Islamic philosophy prospered for a while longer, together with the greatest Jewish philosophers of the Middle Ages, Moses Maimonides (1135-1204)  and Moses Nahmanides (1194-1270) -- though by the time Nahmanides was born, his part of Spain had been recovered by the Christian Reconquest.
Hellenistic Monarchs & Sketches in the History of …
Constantinople fell to the Ottomans in 1453. The Hundred Years War endedin the same year. The Middle Ages were at an end and the Renaissance was firmly established. Sicilian-born waspart of this new movement. So was Antonio Beccadelli, the aristocratic diplomat and chronicler known as 'Panormita.' Both spent the greater part of their careers outside Sicily.