Many in the crowd were not amused.

The Gestapo had the authority to investigate cases of , , and criminal attacks on the and . The basic Gestapo law passed by the government in 1936 gave the Gestapo to operate without . The Gestapo was specifically exempted from responsibility to administrative courts, where citizens normally could the state to conform to laws. As early as 1935, however, a Prussian administrative court had ruled that the Gestapo's actions were not subject to judicial review. The SS officer , onetime head of legal affairs in the Gestapo, summed up this policy by saying, "As long as the police carries out the will of the leadership, it is acting legally." A further law passed later in the year gave the Gestapo responsibility for setting up and administering .

During , the Gestapo was expanded to around 46,000 members.

These rockets were successfully tested off the coast of Germany in the North Sea.

The History Place - Triumph of Hitler: Burning of Books

"I started to read these files about all the victims in just one region of Germany that the Gestapo had processed," Gellately says. "It would have taken a large force of secret police to collect information on so many people. I needed to know just how many secret police there really were. So I asked an elderly gentleman who would've lived through those times, and he replied, 'They were everywhere!'"

The Gestapo Points to Guernica and Asks Picasso, “Did …

The students, along with brownshirted storm troopers, tossed heaps ofbooks into a bonfire while giving the Hitler arm-salute and singing Nazianthems. Among the 20,000 volumes hurled into the flames were the writingsof Henri Barbusse, Franz Boas, John Dos Passos, Albert Einstein, Lion Feuchtwanger,Friedrich Frster, Sigmund Freud, JohnGalsworthy, Andr Gide, Ernst Glaeser,Maxim Gorki, Werner Hegemann, Ernest Hemingway, Erich Kstner,Helen Keller, Alfred Kerr, Jack London, Emil Ludwig, HeinrichMann, Thomas Mann, Karl Marx, Hugo Preuss, Marcel Proust, Erich Maria Remarque,Walther Rathenau, Margaret Sanger, Arthur Schnitzler, Upton Sinclair, KurtTucholsky, Jakob Wassermann, H.G. Wells, Theodor Wolff, EmilZola, Arnold Zweig, and Stefan Zweig.

In mid-August 1943, hundreds of RAF bombers attacked the site causing damage.

Heinrich Müller (Gestapo) - Wikipedia

This revelation became a focus of his third book, Backing Hitler: Consent and Coercion in Nazi Germany, 1933-1944 (Oxford University Press, 2001) and set off a controversy that became the focus of an episode on the popular German television program Panorama (the German equivalent of 60 Minutes), for which Gellately was interviewed at length.

*FREE* shipping on qualifying offers

In the college classroom, professors gave lectures amid the naggingfear they might be denounced by one of their students for any reason andpossibly wind up in a concentration camp. Politically ambitious teacherssometimes kept secret dossiers on the utterances and activities of theirfellow educators which could be turned over to the Gestapo to further theirown careers. The widespread insecurity that resulted caused academic timiditywhich further lowered educational standards.

showing the Gestapo had almost unlimited power in society.

"One woman who was interviewed by the BBC typifies how Germans revised their own personal histories," explains Gellately. "When she was presented with a Gestapo document she had signed that denounced a Jewish woman, she admitted the signature was authentic—was hers. She then said, 'But that's not me.'"

The Gestapo and German society : enforcing racial …

Eventually, small groups of like-minded students and professors stillopposed to Nazism found each other. They sometimes held clandestine off-campusdiscussions featuring a free exchange of ideas. One such group based atthe University of Munich became known as the White Rose and boldly distributedleaflets demanding that Hitler "return to us the personal freedomwhich is the most valuable possession of each German, and of which he hascheated us in the lowest possible manner." Two members of the group,Hans and Sophie Scholl, were arrested by the Gestapo for this and executed.

The Gestapo and German Society: Enforcing Racial …

Sorting out this tangle of history and rendering it in exposition engaging to both the academic and non-academic readers have prompted reviews in most major newspapers and magazines, from Newsweek to The New York Times. This review in The Washington Post (July 29, 2001) typifies the critical reception for Gellately's work: