The Rise and Decline of the Ottoman Empire — Global Issues
Islam, From Arab To Islamic Empire: The Early Abbasid Era
Why did the Ottoman Empire enter in a period of decline in 17th century? The most obvious reason is the fact that every expansion has an end, and every empire has a life span. In the recent years, the thesis of Ottoman decline is disputed. There are historians, such as Jonathan Grant, who contest the popular understanding that the Ottomans experienced a decline, arguing that this view is just a negative Eurocentric judgement that does not help our understanding of the events that happened in the late Ottoman history. Grant is probably right about the existence (and dominance) of an Eurocentric symplistic view among the old historians in Europe, yet it is undisputable that the Ottomans experienced more decline and less transformation after the 17th century onward.
Parthia: The Parthian Empire - History and Coins of Ancient Parthia
Although the Ottoman Empire was widely influenced by the faiths and customs of the peoples it incorporated, the most significant influences came from Islam.
The Rise and Decline of the Ottoman Empire — Global …
There is another important factor explaining the reasons of Ottoman decline. It is the lack of receptivity. Islamic civilization was profoundly convinced of its superiority. This was a brake against the innovation and implementation of new practices. The West started to move ahead - new technologies, deep political reforms and intellectual awakening - the European transition to modernity and industrialism passed unnoticed by the ruling Ottoman class in the 17th and early 18th centuries.
The Rise and Decline of the Ottoman Empire
From Figure 5 we see that in Europe as a whole the percentages of both Christians and Muslims changed during the previous century, with that of Christianity declining by 16% and that of Islam increasing by 4% from 1900 to 2010 (Table 2). The decline of Christianity as a whole reflects declines in both Roman Catholic and Protestant denominations. The significant increase in Muslim presence in Europe began around the 1960 time frame.