of ethnicity in the urban landscape, ..

During the 20th century, immigrants and migrants from the rural blocks also began to develop Ukrainian urban communities in various Canadian towns and cities. Today, has by far the largest such community. In 2016, 12 to 16 per cent of the residents of Edmonton, and had Ukrainian heritage, compared with only 2.5 per cent in Toronto, which nevertheless has a Ukrainian Canadian population of more than 144,000. Also in 2016, 51 per cent of Ukrainian Canadians resided in the Prairie Provinces, 27.7 per cent lived in Ontario and 16.8 per cent in and only 3 per cent in Québec. Of the 1,359,655 Canadians who reported Ukrainian origins, 273,810 reported Ukrainian as their only ethnic origin and another 1,085,845 reported partial Ukrainian ancestry.

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This practicum is comprised of research into Canadian community-based urban agricultural practices and four case studies of projects in the City of Winnipeg, Manitoba. Through the use of a literature review to investigate relevant urban agricultural issues it was established that community based urban agriculture is a large and complex topic that can be analyzed through four general characteristics to determine its manifestation in the landscape. These four characteristics - physical, economic, social and ecological - illustrate the far-reaching implications of the practice of urban agriculture and its relevance to the creation of sustainable cities.

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J. Balan, Salt and Braided Bread: Ukrainian Life in Canada (1984); D. Goa, ed, The Ukrainian Religious Experience: Tradition and the Canadian Cultural Context (1989); J. Kolasky, The Shattered Illusion: The History of Ukrainian Pro-Communist Organizations in Canada (1979); M. Kostash, All of Baba's Children (1977); L. Luciuk and B. Kordan, Creating a Landscape: A Geography of Ukrainians in Canada (1989); L. Luciuk and S. Hryniuk, eds, Canada's Ukrainians: Negotiating an Identity (1991); M.R. Lupul, ed, A Heritage in Transition: Essays in the History of the Ukrainians in Canada (1982); M.R. Lupul, ed, Visible Symbols: Cultural Expression among Canada's Ukrainians (1984); O. Martynowych, Ukrainians in Canada, 1891-1924: The Formative Years (1991); M.H. Marunchak, The Ukrainian Canadians: A History (2nd ed, 1983); J. Petryshyn, Peasants in the Promised Land: Canada and the Ukrainians, 1891-1914 (1985); W.R. Petryshyn, ed, Changing Realities: Social Trends among Ukrainian Canadians (1980); H. Potrebenko, No Streets of Gold: A Social History of Ukrainians in Alberta (1977); O. Subtelny, Ukrainians in North America: An Illustrated History (1991); F. Swyripa, Wedded to the Cause: Ukrainian-Canadian Women and Ethnic Identity, 1891-1991 (1993).

Today, Canada boasts the highest percentage of foreign-born citizens than any other G8 country
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Posts about African Canadian history written by Maureen Flynn-Burhoe

Chinatown was on our Watch List in 2016, and the National Trust for Canada Top 10 Endangered Places. Chinatown National Historic Site is a unique urban cultural landscape that is increasingly at risk of losing its unique area character and special cultural / social life due to ongoing development pressures.

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As noted in the conclusion, despite focused and active urban agricultural activity with a variety of partnerships, Winnipeg does not have a cohesive urban agricultural movement which may prove to be more effective in terms of funding and general support. This is true for all of Canada. Although it remains to be seen whether formalized urban agriculture would be beneficial to its expansion, promotion and fiscal situation (it may be that bureaucratic procedure and politics would stifle a predominantly grassroots type approach) what may be necessary for the continued acceptance and expansion of urban agriculture may be a Canadian Urban Agriculture Advocacy Group. A national organization could network and facilitate connections between individuals and communities, provide education, skill and technology transfer, resources, fiscal incentive, marketing mechanisms and a political voice for urban agriculture within Canada and act as a liaison with international groups and professional disciplines to strengthen institutional capacity: to gain agreement on national strategies for poverty alleviation, food security, agricultural production, employment and income generation, public health, sanitation and environmental protection. Projects could include retrofitting existing development projects or designing new ones with urban agricultural components, identifying models of organization for urban agriculture, policy, programming and global networks of expertise through research and university alliances. The one drawback to such an organization however, is that it can be a high-risk strategy because different facets of urban agriculture such as community gardening could get lost in an over-all agenda setting. If individual groups have strong commitment, a body such as a Canadian Urban Agriculture Advocacy Group could be very beneficial to all involved. For example, opportunities exist for integration of organic waste into urban agricultural initiatives and forming partnerships between urban agricultural interest groups such as a national association for water conservation or hydroponics practices to combine research and practical information. A national organization would be a forum for relevant professional organizations such as landscape architects to network and exchange ideas.

Québec - The Canadian Encyclopedia

Urban agriculture stimulates and encourages community participation. A productive landscape can change an area that was unused and often visually unstimulating to one exhibiting civic activity and contributes greatly to city green space. This type of change may influence citizens, government and professionals to rethink what landscapes they consider to be of aesthetic merit.