Slavery in ancient Greece - Wikipedia

We will never really know what the women of ancient Athens thought about the inferior social position they held or even whether they thought their position was inferior. We don't know how they might have felt about the many layers of separation that existed between themselves and Athenian men. The ancient Greek world was a very patriarchal culture, with men holding all the positions of power. Women and children really did not have many rights, but one must remember the context. It could be a very dangerous existence, with invasions occurring and women taken prisoner. Women were not able to travel alone, but maybe the men felt that they were protecting them. Also, the images invoked by men like Hesiod surely adversely affected women in ancient Greece for many centuries and had many repercussions. When looking at Athens, it seems realistic to say that life was not very easy for anyone. They were building an empire and developing many important aspects of society, such as art, architecture, philosophy, science, history, literature, sports, education, medicine, mathematics, astronomy, and the building blocks of democracy. None of which should be forgotten or devalued. Although the Athenians were not pioneers in social equality, the civilization that came out of Athens was very important and influential for both men and women in subsequent generations.

Birth of Democracy: Slaves and Resident Aliens

When the island of Thassos rebels against this payment they are attacked by Athens.

Athenian democracy - Ancient Greece for Kids and …

It was very important to be a citizen of Athens, especially after the democratic reforms of the sixth century BC. Being a citizen entitled a person to own land, and at the age of thirty, to hold political office. Citizens could also speak in the and they voted on all affairs of the state. Men were the citizens of democratic Athens and all women were excluded. This exclusion meant that women had no political rights; it meant that they could not own land, which constituted power in the ancient world; and that they could never hold political office. Roger Just makes a very interesting point in : life was worse for women in democratic Athens than in other periods of the city's history because:

Athenian Democracy Democracy in Ancient Greece was very direct

Many men feared the possibility of divorce since the return of a dowry could bankrupt a family. Men may have treated their wives somewhat better than if there was no money involved. If the woman was young enough, her would use the dowry to marry her off again after a divorce. If not, the money was used for her future care. Either way, a woman from a wealthy family was at the mercy of her household. Women from the lower classes had to hope relatives would help their collect a dowry for them. If not, marriage was not very likely for them. A woman could divorce, but only if her family agreed she should. In all divorce cases, women lost their children, who were expected to stay with the father. As a result, it is easy to see why many women may have stayed in marriages, even if they really wanted to leave. Athenian women of the Classical Period did not have much power or input into their personal or financial lives. Were they even free to work and walk about the city?

The Athenians of the 5th Century used his deeds as the standards to measure themselves and their democracy.

Ancient Athenian Women of the Classical Period - …

He created a supreme court made up of former (ruler or chief magistrate) of Athens and another legislative body of 400 to debate laws before putting them before the people for a vote.

The Unenfranchised II - Slaves and Resident Aliens

UnderAthenianlaw if you could not pay your debt, the person you owed money to could seize you and your family and sell you as slaves to get his money back. Solon's economic program was called the or the '' because it released the lower classes from the burden of debt to those in the wealthy classes.

Ancient Egypt: Slavery, its causes and practice

In the years following the battle of Marathon the Athenian statesman Themistocles had convinced the Athenians to use the silver which had been discovered in Lavrion, to build a fleet in order to fight the Greek state on the island of Aegina, which was so close it could be seenfromthe Acropolis.

The Athenian Trireme | Ancient Athens

Many of the craftsmen who built the great temples of the city are known to have been foreigners, and some of the wealthiest businessmen and even businesswomen of the city were not Athenian citizens. Whole foreign communities of Egyptians, Cypriots, and Phoenicians sprang up, especially at the port of Piraeus, and they were permitted to establish sanctuaries to their own gods. With foreigners as with slaves, the Athenians were said to be more open than elsewhere:

History of Greece: The Golden Age of Greece

Slavery was common in antiquity, and the Athenians used thousands of slaves in their private homes, factories, and mines, and also as civil servants. Slaves were usually captured in war and came from all over the Mediterranean, including other Greek cities. Surviving auction records indicate that the prices of slaves varied tremendously, depending on their skills. Despite their unfortunate lot, slaves in democratic Athens were apparently somewhat better off than in other cities, according to one writer of the 5th century B.C.: