Anthropology is the study of the human species

Is race an antiquated concept? It's becoming so, and important (professional)anthropologists increasingly rely on genetics for determining human migrationsand human evolution. Observations made here concerning genetic differentiationrelate only to the last twelve thousand years or so.

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Anthropologists and archeologists study the origin, development, and behavior of humans

Anthropology, linguistics, archaeology, and writing systems ..

Language – the ability to represent meaning through symbols and to communicate those meanings to other people – is a hallmark of all human societies. Linguistic anthropologists study the social and cultural contexts of human communication. How does language symbolically represent our natural, supernatural, and social worlds? How does our day-to-day use of language reflect our social identities of region, social class, gender, and ethnicity? In addition, the comparison of distinct languages can offer evidence of their historical evolution and illuminate past and contemporary relationships between their speakers. By documenting indigenous vocabularies and grammars, linguistic anthropologists also contribute to the revitalization of endangered languages in the modern world.

Welcome to the Department of Anthropology

Cultural anthropologists study societies in the contemporary world using the method of participant observation, in which researchers reside in a community, learn its language, observe social behavior, and conduct interviews of community members. Traditionally, anthropologists studied mostly small-scale indigenous societies, where they examined religion, kinship, production and exchange, political beliefs, food practices, and other aspects of social life. These remain an important focus of research, but increasingly cultural anthropologists have turned their attention to larger-scale developed societies. Participant observation in modern settings offers insights into many problems of contemporary social life, including religious and ethnic conflict, the effects of climate change, globalization, social inequality, health disparities, and addiction.

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Sicilian history and ethnology are well documented. Not surprisingly, geneticstudies of the Sicilian population for the ancient and medieval periods generallyconfirm what is known historically. As genetic conclusions are keyed togenerations rather than years, historical knowledge sometimes helps to placegenetic developments in their proper context. For example, the prevalence ofmultiple sclerosis in Enna and Monreale may be attributed to genes brought withthe Normans, while diseases of the thalassemia group may have arrived withPhoenician, Greek or Arab peoples. Certain superficial physical traits probablywere widely introduced by specific groups --blue eyes by Normans and Longobards,kinky hair by Arabs, and so forth. That said, apart from avoidance of"inbreeding," the most important aspect of any migration andamalgamation is usually cultural rather than physical. We've come to accept thatmost Vikings had blue eyes, but would their achievements be attenuated if theNorsemen were all brown-eyed?

Anthropology is the integrative study of human beings at all times and in all places

Anthropology is the study of human diversity in the broadest sense

Several early observations (they are hardly "conclusions") emergefrom research conducted thus far. The notion that certain parts of Sicily stillgenetically reflect the influence of specific ancient peoples (Phoenicians, Greeks) has beenlargely disproven, yet certain small, relatively-isolated towns seem to be markedby a predominance of one medieval group or another (Arab, Norman). Leaving asidespecialized studies, if we consider the major Y haplogroups, Sicily'spopulation-genetic distribution is somewhat similar (though by no meansidentical) to mainland Italy's. If only approximately the proportions are: JGroup (J1, J2, etc.) 35%, R Group (primarily R1b) 25%, I Group 15%, K Group 10%,H Group 10%, Others (E, T, G, etc.) 5%. Along female lines, Sicilians' descent from the seems to be distributed fairly equally, but much more data mustbe collected in this area. These factors (and scholarly studies) all point to theisland's multi-peopling as the main cause of its genetic diversity.

Anthropology has origins in the natural sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences

Anthropology is the study of humans, past and present

Anthropology is the study of humankind, past and present. Anthropologists work in one of four fields: cultural anthropology, linguistic anthropology, archaeology, and biological anthropology.

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Museum of Anthropology at UBC | Museum of Anthropology

Afrocentrism - various sociological philosophies which emphasiseparticular modes of studying African anthropology and history in a positive way,often as a reaction to longstanding bias present in certain "" and race-based "" histories of Africa. Afrocentrism seeks topresent global history from an African perspective. Extreme Afrocentrism issometimes revisionist or racist in tone. As a social and political movement, itis particularly popular outside Africa, though the independence of Africancountries from European colonial powers clearly reflects a positive (andpractical) form of Afrocentrism.