This scholarly work chronicles the history of dyeing from prehistory

of Textile Chemists and Colorists) formedits first subcommittee to study washfastness of printed and dyed cottons, formulatetesting procedures, standards of fastness.
1924 Indigosol 0, by Baeyer and Sunder, 1st commercial indigosol dye
1928 Dupont began the fundamental research that would lead to discoveryof nylon
1936 First pair of stockings knit with a new synthetic fiber from DuPontcalled "nylon" for which Carothers received the patent.
1938 Nylon formally introduced to the public
1948 Textiles became second largest industry in USA.

and south to Virginia. The author includes a history of dyestuffs and

and carrying out the dye process. The appendices include excerpts from
Photo provided by

quiltmakers who dye their own fabrics.

1953 Cibalan Brilliant Yellow 3GL, a dye which lead the way to discoveryof the fiber reactive dyes was introduced
1954 Celanese Corp announced first commercial production of an Americantriacetate, Arnel.
1956 ICI in England introduced Procion, first range of fiber reactive dye- this dye was to have a major impact on industry as well as textile artists around theworld ()
1956 Eastman Kodak introduced Verel, a modified acrylic
1956 American Cyanamid introduced a new acrylic, Creslan
1956 One person working out of every 7 in the USA received his incomefrom work performed in textile or apparel industries!
CIBA introduces Cibacrons, a new range of reactive dyes and thefirst to compete with ICI's Procion series
1958 Eastman Kodak introduced Kodel polyester.
1964 First permanent press finishes used
1968 DuPont introduces Qiana, a fancy nylon with "silk" feeland drape
1968 For the first time manmade fibers topped natural fibers for USconsumption.

This excellent book begins with a historic overview of dye plants

(B napthol andnitraniline)
1885-89 Chardonnet, France, made the first successful rayon and showed itat the Paris Exposition of 1889.
1887 First azo mordant dye, Alizarin Yellow GG
1887 Rhodamine B (brilliant red-violet) basic dye
1890 Direct Black BH, first direct black
1891 Diamine Green B, first green azo dye
1891 Chardonnet built his first commercial plant at Besancon formanufacturing rayon, by the Chardonnet process.
1891 Direct dye-Sky Blue FF, important blue for many years, good lightfastness
1893 2nd Sulphur dye, Vidal Black
1895 Viscose method of making rayon invented by Cross and Bevan, Englandwas begun.

history the text recounts the growth characteristics of selected lichens and
Photo provided by

KeyColour - Industrial Textile Dyes Manufacturer & …

The goal of Dyeing Research is to enhance the knowledge base of preparation and dyeing procedures, chemicals, processes, and machinery. To this end, research is conducted to improve the areas of preparation, dyeing, printing and garment wet processing while simultaneously reducing the environmental impact of these technologies. Dyeing Research also supports a number of laboratories which provide technical service and education to the entire textile industry from mills to apparel manufacturers.

KeyColour - Industrial Textile Dyes Manufacturer & Supplier

It was a brilliantfuchsia type color, but faded easily so our idea of the color mauve is not what theappearance of the original color was.
1858 Griess discovered diazotisation and coupling on/in the fiber
1858-59 Magenta (fuchsin) discovered by Verguin the 2nd basic dye andmore widely used than Mauve
1861 Methyl violet, basic dye, by Lauth
1862 Hofmann's Violet, Hofmann was one of the great dye chemists of alltime
1862 Bismarck Brown developed by Martius and Lightfoot, first soluble azodye
1863 Aniline Black, developed by Lightfoot, a black produced by oxidationof aniline on the cotton fiber.
1866 Methyl Violet, basic dye
1868 Graebe and Liebermann, German chemists, produced alizarin (syntheticmadder).

Woven dyeing process - SlideShare

Vacanceine red formed by treating fabric with napthol and thendipping in a diazolized amine, a very fast category of dyes.
1884 Congo Red by Bottiger, first of the direct cotton dyes
1885 Benzopurpurine, early direct dye by Duisberg, bright and highlysubstantive
1885 Para Red dye brought out by von Gallois and Ullrich.