Short-term memory is the culprit when:

For example, in order to understand this sentence, the beginning of the sentence needs to be held in mind while the rest is read, a task which is carried out by the short-term memory. Other common examples of short-term memory in action are the holding on to a piece of information temporarily in order to complete a task (e.g. “carrying over” a number in a subtraction sum, or remembering a persuasive argument until another person finishes talking), and simultaneous translation (where the interpreter must store information in one language while orally translating it into another). What is actually held in short-term memory, though, is not complete concepts,but rather links or pointers (such as words, for example) which the can flesh out from it's other accumulated knowledge.

Short-term memory acts as a filter and temporary storage.

Fortunately, there’s much you can do to improve your short-term memory.

It is often used interchangeably with short-term memory.

I has been theorised that a human brain can retain 5-9 elements in short-term memory. An incorrect application of this theory would be to limit the number of items on a website navigation menu to 9 items. It would also be unreasonable to limit the number of items on a drop down menu within a computer application for this reason. This limiting of items on menus is not necessary because menus lend towards recognition rather than recall.

The term “short-term memory” came first.

Long-term memory stores items "permanently". This can happen due to repetition or rehearsal of the information with the goal of retaining it for an extended period of time, longer than is possible with short-term memory.

To understand short-term memory, we need to see how it fits into the whole memory process.

Short Term Memory - University of Washington

Improve your short-term memory by 1) boosting your brain health with the right diet, supplements, and lifestyle, and 2) using memory techniques to develop it.

You are about to do a small short term memory test

The type or characteristics of the information also affects the number of items which can be retained in short-term memory. For instance, more words can be recalled if they are shorter or more commonly used words, or if they are phonologically similar in sound, or if they are taken from a single semantic category (such as sports, for example) rather than from different categories, etc. There is also some evidence that short-term memory capacity and duration is increased if the words or digits are articulated aloud instead of being read sub-vocally (in the head).

Avoid distractions. Short-term memory is a fragile thing.

Although the prefrontal cortex is not the only part of the involved - it must also cooperate with other parts of the cortex from which it extracts information for brief periods - it is the most important, and Carlyle Jacobsen reported, as early as 1935, that damage to the prefrontal cortex in primates caused short-term memory deficits.

Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) - Machine Learning Mastery

The short-term memory has a limited capacity, which can be readily illustrated by the simple expedient of trying to remember a list of random items (without allowing repetition or reinforcement) and seeing when errors begin to creep in. The often-cited experiments by George Miller in 1956 suggest that the number of objects an average human can hold in working memory (known as memory span) is between 5 and 9 (7 ± 2, which Miller described as the “magical number”, and which is sometimes referred to as Miller's Law). However, although this may be approximately true for a population of college students, for example, memory span varies widely with populations tested, and modern estimates are typically lower, of the order of just 4 or 5 items.

Short-term working memory - The Human Memory

The central executive part of the prefrontal cortex at the front of the appears to play a fundamental role in short-term and working memory. It both serves as a temporary store for short-term memory, where information is kept available while it is needed for current reasoning processes, but it also "calls up" information from elsewhere in the . The central executive controls two neural loops, one for visual data (which activates areas near the visual cortex of the and acts as a visual scratch pad), and one for language (the "phonological loop", which uses Broca's area as a kind of "inner voice" that repeats word sounds to keep them in mind). These two scratch pads temporarily hold data until it is erased by the next job.