Water resources played important role in patterns of …

From what is known about the geographical origins of these groups-primarily from ship lists, wills, letters, and other documents-many of them left from specific regions or subregions in England and tended to resettle together in single New England towns shortly after arrival. Although seventeenth-century England was homogeneous in some respects, in others it was a patch-work of local differences in which widely ranging customs prevailed. Carrying with them these distinctive traditions and practices, the settlers of specific New England towns helped perpetuate particular local English differences. In Essex County, Massachusetts, for instance, the major settlers in three adjoining communties came from three distinct English regions-East Anglia, Yorkshire, and Wiltshire-Hampshire. In the Connecticut River valley and farther south and west, at another end of this cultural region, homogeneous settlement patterns were also evident. Hartford settlers came from mid-Essex, and their neighbors in Windsor were primarily from Dorset and communities near that county's borders in Somerset and Devon. On Long Island Sound, to cite two other examples, Guilford's principal inhabitants came from Kent and, to a lesser extent, from neighboring Sussex and Surrey; Milford people originated from a small area near the borders of the English counties of Hertford, Buckingham, and Bedford. This mosaic of differing regional origins was displayed in many contrasting practices-above all, in the settlers' attitudes toward the land and in agricultural pursuits.

Colonial history of the United States - Wikipedia

The role of The Praying Indians in the history of the United States of America.

The Puritans and the Founding of the New England …

New England's commercial success, its growing inability to resolve some of its own intercolonial boundary claims, and England's rising imperial interest in the region during the final decades of the century all began to lead these colonies into another direction and another world than that with which most seventeenth- century New Englanders had become familiar. Internally, too, change was taking place or was about to. Agricultural export was slackening, non-agricultural by-employment was rising, distinctions between the customs of towns were declining, economic growth was stagnating, and population pressures were beginning to push men onto new land, often less productive than the original grants. Slowly even settlement patterns and land granting practices were beginning to change.

The New England colonies - Encyclopedia Britannica

In another area of England, East Anglia, from which a sizable number of New England settlers originated, a different type of landscape was evident in the seventeenth century. A typical pattern of landholdings in this region is shown in the copyhold maps of Rivers Hall manor in Boxted, Essex (see no. 6), which were made by an important local surveyor, John Walker. Walker's maps show an entirely different pattern of settlement and land use. The practice here was to bring together many small parcels of land and to create consolidated farmsteads. Away from a life in a nucleated village center and in a region where the regulatory eye of a strong manor was not as evident, the East Anglian farmer could control the use of his land as economic conditions warranted, converting his small closes of land from pastureland to arable-or back again-as the market for various agricultural products changed.

Fishing boat at the harbour at Portsmouth, New Hampshire

English Gengealogy & Family History | Price & Associates

The high geographical mobility of some settlers and the transient nature of some of New England's communities is evident in the early history of Watertown, Massachusetts. Of the 293 settlers entered in the town records from 1630 to 1644, 168 (or about sixty percent) left the community before 1660. One-sixth of them went to Connecticut, settling principally in Wethersfield and Stamford. Another sixth moved to communities west of Watertown, such as Dedham and Sudbury. Boston and several nearby areas received about another sixth, while an eighth of the emigrants went to places such as Woburn, Topsfield, and Reading. Another twelfth returned to England. For most, the move from Watertown to another town meant an end to migration during their lifetimes. In a few rare cases, however, it was only one of several moves before actual permanent settlement. After leaving Watertown, Robert Coe, for instance, settled briefly in Wethersfield and Stamford, Connecticut, before moving to Hempstead, then to Jamaica, Long Island.

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Aubrey's characterizations had, of course, a firm basis in regional and subregional differences of environment. Climate and geography determined two broadly defined areas of agriculture in England: the pastoral highland zone, principally in the north and west in which the climate was drier and colder, and the more arable lowland zone in the south and east, which was warmer and wetter, and where the types of land were more varied. This pattern of regional differences was compounded by man-made landscape changes occur- ring during the century before the "Great Migration." The twofold increase of English population between 1540 and 1620, the rise of large-scale commercial agriculture, and the growing importance of market towns throughout the late sixteenth and early seventeenth century all helped to accentuate many subregional agricultural differences within the two broadly defined zones. Of course, there were some countervailing tendencies, such as the growth of trade between parts of the country. But with more than 700 urban communities, 9,000 rural parishes, the and the rise of county capitals, England remained, during the decades before the English Civil War, a nation of regions and subregions with accompanying differences in landscape, farming practices, and social structure. These contrasting presuppositions about community life, agriculture, and other traditions were carried to New England with the "Great Migration" of Puritans in the 1630s.

Settling the West: Immigration to the Prairies from …

By focusing on New England's contributions to American society and institutions, scholars since the have conveniently avoided the thorny issue of where slavery fits into our national heritage. Slavery was permitted in New England but very few slaves were in the region, especially compared with the Chesapeake-area settlements. By forcing ourselves to consider the legacy of slavery in American life, even after emancipation, we might be able to better understand the multiple and often conflicting strands of our past, which weave into our present-day society.

And of course, there are several important differences between the cornerstones of United States government and the world that the Puritans built.