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Having far-reaching political, economic and social effects, the Reformationbecame the basis for the founding of Protestantism, one of the three majorbranches of Christianity.

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Social, political, and economic effects of the war in North , South, and West

Robert Mercer | HOTTEST NEWS PREDICTIONS- Psychic …

The political nation was, for the most part, obediently compliant rather than enthusiastic. There is no evidence of any great hostility towards the church and its institutions before the Reformation; on the contrary, both the English episcopate and parish clergy seem to have been, by the standards of other European lands, both well-trained and living without scandal. Cardinal Wolsey, who fathered an illegitimate son, was very much the exception. On the other hand, few were prepared to defy the King to defend the threatened institutions of the old church. Many benefited from the windfall of church property that followed the confiscation of monastic lands.

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The general effects of Calvinistic thought on the culture of the West are nothing short of astounding! In economics, Calvinism helped fuel the destruction of Feudalism and gave rise to various expressions of “free enterprise” or Laissez Faire economics. Concerning government, even a cursory glance at Holland or Switzerland found governments and political social theories which existed primarily to protect life, liberty, and property. Accordingly, where Calvinism reigned supreme, government was limited, non-oppressive, and the state would be felt only in the invaluable blessings of safety provided by this concept of government. This would later be seen in England, and more perfectly in America. Under such conditions family life, instead of being a Feudal factor of production or a servant of the state, would be free in its devotion to God and His covenant, working and being productive and so fulfilling the dominion mandate.

Causes Of The Reformation - SlideShare

Because of the range and variety of early modern political thought, there are relatively few comprehensive pan-European surveys. The few that exist, however, are excellent and essential points of departure. Given the considerable variation in early modern political thought, scholars have interpreted it from a wide variety of perspectives and methodologies. Two dominant approaches, however, stand out: the “Cambridge School,” loosely associated with J. G. A. Pocock and Quentin Skinner, which seeks to situate ideas within a broad intellectual context, and the “Straussian” methodology, loosely associated with Leo Strauss and Harvey Mansfield, which seeks to uncover esoteric and often hidden meanings in major texts. offers a broad overview of early modern political thought, while provides a collection of essays written by experts on modern political thought. and are each classic texts; Pocock focuses on Florentine political thought, while Skinner focuses on Italian humanism and counter-reformation thought, among other topics. offers a collection of essays that covers almost every major early modern political thinker.

The age of Reformation and Counter-Reformation

This volume is the most thorough and wide-ranging survey of early modern political thought. It features contributions on the Renaissance, Reformation, absolutism, jurisprudence, natural law, constitutionalism, Aristotelianism, and liberalism by established experts in the respective fields. An essential text for all students of political ideas in early modern Europe.

What are the Causes of Reformation in Europe?

As the number of studies on how media messages influence citizens’ opinions and behaviors has grown, scholars have compiled comprehensive research overviews. Some of these works, such as ; ; and , explore media effects with a focus on politics and democracy more generally. Others, such as and , situate political media effects relative to other types of effects, including effects on health opinions and aggression. and review empirical studies of media effects. Other literature focuses on the routines that determine the content of media messages. One classic example of this work is .