Anarchism: its philosophy and ideal
Philosophy: The Athenian Philosophers: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle
"There is but one truly serious philosophical problem, and that is suicide. Judging whether life is or is not worth living amounts to answering the fundamental question of philosophy. All the rest -- whether or not the world has three dimensions, whether the mind has nine or twelve categories -- comes afterwards. These are games; one must first answer...Beginning to think is beginning to be undermined. Society has but little connection with such beginnings. The worm is in man's heart. That is where it must be sought. One must follow and understand this fatal game that leads from lucidity in the face of existence to flight from light."
Famous Philosophers | Biography, Books and their Philosophy
"It is astonishing to see how many philosophical disputes collapse into insignificance the moment you subject them to this simple test of tracing a concrete consequence. There can be difference anywhere that doesn't a difference elsewhere -- no difference in abstract truth that doesn't express itself in a difference in concrete fact and in conduct consequent upon that fact, imposed on somebody, somehow, somewhere, and somewhen. The whole function of philosophy ought to be to find out what definite difference it will make to you and me, at definite instants of our life, if this world-formula or that world-formula be the true one."
This page lists some links to ancient philosophy
So even those unlikely to ask about the whys and wherefores of life early on will at some point have to confront them, with more or less sophistication. And for most of us, the questions regularly arise, in some form or other, so that philosophy in some sense is unavoidable and cannot be considered merely an arid mental exercise; questions such as these: Is there or is there not a God? If we believe there is no such entity as God, then does it make sense to speak of "right" and "wrong" anymore? How are moral judgments then grounded? Why does anything at all exist -- anything as opposed to nothing? If the universe began with an explosion, and the result was so much drifting matter, then how and at what point did consciousness emerge out of that matter? Is there a point or plan to the universe? But then what is it, and how can one know?