Research Method Specific procedures used to gather and analyze data.

With preschoolers a stationary video camera with a wide-angle lens can be put near the ceiling in one corner of the room, without influencing behavior. Sherman (1975) used this technique to study the phenomenon of in preschoolers. Group glee was defined as "joyful screaming, laughing and intense physical acts" which quickly spread in the group. Sherman made video recordings of 596 preschool classes taught by student teachers. He was able to identify what factors set off the group glee (for example, it tended to happen when a teacher asked for volunteers for an activity), and he studied reactions of teachers. Notice that a naturalistic study need not take place "out in nature." It simply documents naturally-occurring events.

the nature of a social phenomenon

An Empirical Review of Research Methodologies and Methods in Creativity Studies (2003–2012)

both types of explanations have light to shed on the phenomenon

Anti-positivism emphasizes that social reality is viewed and interpreted by the individual herself according to the ideological positions she possesses. Therefore, knowledge is person all y experienced rather than acquired from or imposed from outside. The anti-positivists believe that reality is multi-layered and complex (Cohen et al, 2000) and a single phenomenon is having multiple interpretations. They emphasize that the verification of a phenomenon is adopted when the level of understanding of a phenomenon is such that the concern is to probe into the various unexplored dimensions of a phenomenon rather than establishing specific relationship among the components, as it happens in the case of positivism.

Module: Selection of the Research Paradigm and Methodology

Anti-positivism is marked by three schools of thought in the social science research. These are phenomenology, ethnomethodology and symbolicinteractionism. All the three schools of thought emphasise human interaction with phenomena in their daily lives, and suggest qualitative rather than quantitative approach to social inquiry.

This section includes the criteria selected to aid indetermining the most applicable method and the operational procedures utilized.

The Case Study as a Research Method ..

The identification of thesegaps is a positive tool for improvement of future investigative procedures andcould identify areas that a particular method takes into account or,conversely, fails to recognize.

Chapter 2 Quiz Flashcards | Quizlet

Examination of the phenomenon of American organized crime from a sociological perspective. Explanation of methods by which organized crime is tolerated at various levels of society. Emphasis on ways in which "underworld" interests interact with legitimate economic and political institutions.

Qualitative Research Methods ..

Pilot Studies
A small scale research study that is conducted prior to the larger, final study. The pilot study gives researchers a chance to identify any problems with their proposed sampling scheme, methodology, or data collection process. These studies are very useful in accessing strengths and weakness of a potential study.

Honors, Awards, and Scholarships Social Ecology Honors Program

A way of understanding and explaining how we know what we know. Each research methodology is underpinned by an epistemology that serves as a guiding philosophy and provides a concrete process of research steps.

attributes or properties of some phenomenon.

Evaluation Research
The use of scientific research methods to plan intervention programs, to monitor the implementation of new programs and the operation of existing programs, and to determine how effectively programs or clinical practices achieve their goals.

Qualitative Approaches; Qualitative Methods;

Graduate training in the School of Social Ecology is organized around the study of contemporary problems in the social and physical environment. Emphasis is placed primarily upon theory and research that have implications for policy and intervention. Problems are investigated from the complementary perspectives of a multidisciplinary faculty that include specialists in social, developmental, clinical, environmental, and health psychology; urban and regional planning, public policy, architecture, and design; urban sociology; law and society; and criminology.