The Autobiography of Malcolm X has ..

So why, then, has Malcolm’s reputation among historians improved dramatically since his the years following his assassination? Partly, his biography became better understood. In 1963-64, Malcolm began to split with the Nation in an argument over personalities and tactics – and in the few months that he still had to live there was a revolution in his politics. . He went on a pilgrimage to Mecca and was struck by the racial harmony among Muslims: “There were tens of thousands of pilgrims, from all over the world. They were of all colors, from blue-eyed blonds to black-skinned Africans. But we were all participating in the same ritual, displaying a spirit of unity and brotherhood that my experiences in America had led me to believe never could exist between the white and non-white.”

How Great an Effect Did Malcolm X Have on the …

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When Martin Luther King failed to desegregate Albany, Georgia, the civil-rights struggle in America reached its low point. King became bankrupt almost, as a leader. Plus, even financially, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference was in financial trouble; plus it was in trouble, period, with the people when they failed to desegregate Albany, Georgia. Other Negro civil-rights leaders of so-called national stature became fallen idols. As they became fallen idols, began to lose their prestige and influence, local Negro leaders began to stir up the masses. In Cambridge, Maryland, Gloria Richardson; in Danville, Virginia, and other parts of the country, local leaders began to stir up our people at the grassroots level. This was never done by these Negroes, whom you recognize, of national stature. They controlled you, but they never incited you or excited you. They controlled you; they contained you; they kept you on the plantation.

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Some say that the establishment benefited from the division within the civil rights ranks that resulted from the death, others point out that Malcolm’s murder robbed African-Americans of one its brightest and best leaders. That latter point is certainly true. Time was quite accurate when it described him as "a pimp, a cocaine addict and a thief". But his evolution in to the embodiment of black pride reminds us that the struggle for personal moral uplift has always been at the heart of the civil rights movement. It was a movement that didn’t just change laws but also transformed individuals – and the rebirth of Malcolm Little as Malcolm X personalised the struggle of millions of African-Americans.

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1964 July-Dec - Civil Rights Movement Veterans - CRM …

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