John Locke′s Second Treatise on Government - Jim
Locke, John | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Hobbes argued that it was the violence and uncertainty of life in the state of nature that motivated people to form governments. Because life was so bad in the state of nature, Hobbes argued that the desire for peace and stability would become so profound that the people would seek out a "sovereign" or ruler to whom they could transfer or give their own sovereignty. In return, the sovereign would provide the peace and stability the people wanted. So long as they abided by the laws the sovereign established, the people would then be free to pursue happiness without constantly fearing for their lives and property.
John Locke (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
For all for the attaining an , being limited by that end, whenever that is manifestly neglected, or opposed, the must necessarily be , and the Power devolve into the hands of those that gave it, who may place it anew where they shall think best for their safety and security.John Locke, , §149, 1690John Locke is the most important modern political philosopher, even if not now the most popular one, as we shall see.