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Italian unification - Wikipedia
The Western Emperor, elected by German princes who became increasingly sovereign, the non-resident ruler of increasingly detached and uncontrollable states like Italy and Burgundy,
The wars of German unification - Age of the Sage
The "Empire" came to be regarded as consisting of four crowns: (1) East Francia, or Germany, (2) Lombardy (the "Iron Crown"), or Italy, (3) Rome, and, after 1032, (4) Burgundy.
The Italian Carcano M1891 Rifle : : C&Rsenal
Hamerow, Theodore S. The Social Foundations of German Unification, 1858–1871. Vol. 1, Ideas and Institutions. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1969.
A summary of Italian Unification (1848-1870) in 's Europe (1848-1871)
Hamerow, Theodore S. The Social Foundations of German Unification, 1858–1871. Vol. 2, Struggles and Accomplishments. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1972.
Italian Unification (Risorgimento) #1645 MP3NAN
A number of instructive overviews tackle, albeit from different angles, the problems the wars gave rise to. is a useful compendium of important documents. has no rival and is unlikely ever to have any. is no less significant a contribution, with extensive footnotes that form a guide to the historiography on the subject. is a magisterial analysis from an author who is arguably the leading American historian of Germany in the 20th century, indispensable for its analysis of key actors. accumulates valuable information on recruitment and presents it with flair and clarity. focuses on the Prussian sociopolitical system on the eve of unification. sees unification as the product of nationalism. stresses the importance of economic forcess—virtually to the exclusion of everything else. is a brief, well-balanced, and reliable guide.