The five basic questions mentioned above may be posed in the Iranian case as follows: Does Iranian rule give any indication of the compatibility of Islam with Western democracy, as supporters claim? Has the regime been able to radically Islamize Iranian society or impose fundamental Islamic values on the Persian culture, as the critics expect? Has the theocracy been able to solve the country's immense politico-economic problems, as originally promised? Is Islamic Iran a direct or indirect threat to its neighbors' sovereignty or interests, as is often argued? Finally, can the regime withstand the threats to its survival?

Islamic fundamentalism - Wikipedia

Islamic fundamentalism - Islamic Philosophy Online

The term Fundamentalism in Christianity and Islam

Manning Nash, “Islamic Resurgence in Malaysia and Indonesia,” in , The Fundamentalism Project, Volume 1, eds. Martin Marty and R. Scott Appleby (Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1991), 691-715, 724-734.

Justin Trudeau Flirts with Islamic Fundamentalism - Breitbart

Gabriel Ben-Dor, “The Uniqueness of Islamic Fundamentalism,” in , eds. Bruce Maddy-Weitzman and Efraim Inbar (London and Portland, Oregon: Frank Cass, 1997), 241.

The Roots of Islamic Fundamentalism

Indonesia, on the other hand, has the largest Muslim population of any country, yet is not an Islamic nation. Islamic fundamentalists, although increasing in influence somewhat, have been hampered by a wide diversity of Islamic faith traditions that are a result of long-standing religious syncretism.


Many other countries have been dealing with a growing Islamic political fundamentalist presence since the 1970s. Two examples in the non-Arab world are Malaysia and Indonesia. Since the 1980s, Malaysia has become an increasingly Islamic nation as Muslims have proliferated within a society which is open to a variety of beliefs. Although Islam is now recognized as the official state religion, the state itself is secular, and the constitution provides religious tolerance. Within this political paradigm, the influence of fundamentalist Muslims, initially finding expression in student activists during political and social crisis in the 1970s, is growing in significance.


Sudan’s distinction lies in being the first country to be governed by Muslim Brotherhood Islamic fundamentalism. The Brotherhood pursued a policy of gradualism in the 1970s, while Sudan struggled with socialism. The gradualist policy paid off in the next decade, leading to a period of significant political influence in the 1980s as Brotherhood leaders, including Dr. Hasan al-Turabi, formerly imprisoned by the government, were released and given cabinet positions. In 1989 a coup d’etat led to Turabi emerging as Sudan’s supreme ideologue and de factor ruler. Shraria law was imposed on the country, and Turabi began an ethnic cleansing campaign against non-Muslims. A strict Islamic state, Sudan’s government has been a haven for Islamic terrorists.

Islamic fundamentalism - Wikiquote

Ibid., 77-84. Hiro, 60-107. Gehad Auda, “The ‘Normalization’ of the Islamic Movement in Egypt from the 1970s to the Early 1980s,” in , The Fundamentalism Project, Volume 4, eds. Martin Marty and R. Scott Appleby (Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1994), 374-412.

The Islamic State and Islamic fundamentalism on the …

Voll, “Fundamentalism in the Sunni Arab World.” 368-374. Sayyid Qutb, (Indianapolis: American Trust, 1990). Ahmad S. Moussali, Historical Dictionary of Islamic Fundamentalist Movements in the Arab World, Iran and Turkey (Lanham, Maryland: The Scarecrow Press, Inc.), 240-242.

Islamic Fundamentalism Flashcards | Quizlet

The current conflicts in the Arab world are magnifying the Islamic fundamentalist influence throughout the world. As such, a closer examination of Islamic fundamentalist responses to modern science, western society and the secular state is in order.