History of Comparative Politics - Practice Test …

POSC 492. Senior Seminar in Political Science. 4 credits.
This research-oriented senior seminar provides an overview of the discipline of political science and the different approaches to research in the field. A major research project will strengthen the research, information access and lifelong learning capacities of the student. Fulfills the College of Arts and Letters writing-intensive requirement for the major. Prerequisites: Senior standing and .

Albert Einstein and politics - Wikiquote

The ultimate end of a state is the promotion of general welfare and moral perfection of man.
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Autoritätsdusel ist der größte Feind der Wahrheit

Philosophers generally agree that, even if DMR were truewithout qualification, it would not directly follow that MMRis true. In particular, if moral disagreements could be resolvedrationally for the most part, then disagreement-based arguments forMMR would be undermined, and there would be little incentiveto endorse the position. Such resolvability, at least in principle, iswhat moral objectivism would lead us to expect. One of the main pointsof contention between proponents of MMR and their objectivistcritics concerns the possibility of rationally resolving moraldisagreements. It might be thought that the defender of MMRneeds to show conclusively that the moral disagreements identified inDMR cannot be rationally resolved, or again that the moralobjectivist must show conclusively that they can be. Neither is areasonable expectation. Indeed, it is unclear what would count asconclusively arguing for either conclusion. The center of the debateconcerns what plausibly may be expected. Adherents of MMRattempt to show why rational resolution is an unlikely prospect, whiletheir objectivist critics try to show why to a large extent this islikely, or at least not unlikely.

Unthinking respect for authority is the greatest enemy of truth

The second approach to rejecting DMR focuses on theinterpretation of the empirical evidence that purportedly supports thisthesis. Some objections point to obstacles that face any attempt tounderstand human cultures empirically. For example, it may be said thatthe supposed evidence is incomplete or inaccurate because the observersare biased. In support of this, it may be claimed that anthropologistsoften have had preconceptions rooted in disciplinary paradigms orpolitical ideologies that have led them to misrepresent or misinterpretthe empirical data. Or it may be said that even the most objectiveobservers would have difficulty accurately understanding a society'sactual moral values on account of phenomena such as self-deception andweakness of will. These concerns point to substantial issues in themethodology of the social sciences. However, even if they were valid,they would only cast doubt on whether DMR had beenestablished: They would not necessarily give us reason to think it isfalse. Of course, this would be an important objection to someone whoclaims DMR is established or relies on DMR to arguefor MMR.

MORAPOL - Comparative Analysis of Moral Policy Change | (1) Innovative empirical focus: The project is the first to provide systematic empirical knowledge on the development of morality policies. This policy area is so far completely unexplored from a policy-analytical perspective.
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Aristotle: Politics | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

This Palestinian writer and activist was widely respected for his ground-breaking research in the field of comparative literature and on his incisive political commentary.

27/10/2016 · Journals

Wong (1996) defended a partly similar position, though one intended toallow for greater diversity in correct moral codes. He argued thatmore than one morality may be true, but there are limits on whichmoralities are true. The first point is a form of metaethicalrelativism: It says one morality may be true for one society and aconflicting morality may be true for another society. Hence, there isno one objectively correct morality for all societies. The secondpoint, however, is a concession to moral objectivism. It acknowledgesthat objective factors concerning human nature and the human situationshould determine whether or not, or to what extent, a given moralitycould be one of the true ones. The mere fact that a morality isaccepted by a society does not guarantee that it has normativeauthority in that society. For example, given our biological andpsychological make-up, not just anything could count as a good way oflife. Again, given that most persons are somewhat self-interested andthat society requires some measure of cooperation, any plausiblemorality will include a value of reciprocity (good in return for goodon some proportional basis). Since these objective limitations arequite broad, they are insufficient in themselves to establish aspecific and detailed morality: Many particular moralities areconsistent with them, and the choice among these moralities must bedetermined by the cultures of different societies.

Moral relativism is an important topic in metaethics

Research on LGBT identity, attitudes, and political behavior has been somewhat limited given the difficulty of identifying random samples from an uncertain population size. Additionally, because most samples from the adult population reveal less than 4 percent who self-identify as LGBT, generating an LGBT sample large enough for reliable analysis is expensive and time consuming. Although many studies demonstrate that the LGBT community is politically tolerant (), politically cohesive in broad strokes as left-leaning, tending to vote for Democrats (; ; ; ; ), and more willing to engage in non-mainstream political action (; ), some studies examine more conservative elements of the movement (), material-goal seeking (), and those who have tended to be, or who are still excluded, such as transgender activists (). Additional research examines the interplay between the willingness to identify as LGBT and cohesive political beliefs within the movement ().