: Historical maps and articles about the and Iroquois nations.
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Later a sixth nation, the tribe, joined the confederation.
A number of the Delaware diaspora became visionaries and prophets and influenced other tribes. Some were pacifists, others were warlike, and Pontiac became a disciple of one of them. An Indian only known today as the Delaware Prophet encouraged the natives to give up drunkenness, intertribal war, magic, and other practices, and said that if the natives regenerated their culture, they would be strong again and able to resist the European invasion. In 1760, when the French left the scene, the natives were on their own with the British, whose arrogant, paternalistic, and exterminatory attitudes and behaviors led to friction. After three years of dealing with the British, Pontiac had enough. He was chief of the Ottawa tribe and tried uniting the natives from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico to attack the British encroachments into Indian lands. In 1763 the attacks began, and they were successful. The British invasion of the Ohio River Valley was especially targeted. Virginian land speculators such as George Washington led the invasion. The French captured Washington and his men in 1754.
: : Information about native Iroquois houses.
As Pontiac’s forces laid siege to forts in Detroit and today’s Pittsburgh (Fort Pitt), Jeffrey Amherst, who commanded the British army in North America, and for whom a town in Massachusetts is named, had a series of exchanges with his commanders, and the strategy of giving the Native Americans smallpox blankets was raised and approved by Amherst, rather offhandedly. They , and a smallpox epidemic broke the siege. The timing of letters, handing out smallpox blankets, and epidemics makes it doubtful whether giving out smallpox blankets led to the epidemic the siege, but during the following year, smallpox annihilated the Ohio River Valley’s natives, making its conquest by the USA, a generation later, an easier task. The intention of germ warfare is clear, and surely at least contributed to the resulting epidemic that killed more than 100,000 people. Amherst was one in a long line of British genocidists, and he even wrote that he wished he could use the Spanish “” method on the Indians, but lamented the fact that he did not have enough dogs for the job. Ben Franklin was a staunch advocate of using dogs on the Indians.
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