Internal combustion engine - Wikipedia

An internal combustion engine (ICE) is any engine that operates by burning its fuel inside the engine. In contrast, a steam engine is an external combustion engine as it burns its fuel outside the engine. The most common internal combustion engine type is gasoline powered. Others include those fueled by diesel, hydrogen, methane, propane, etc. Engines typically can only run on one type of fuel and require adaptations to adjust the air/fuel ratio or mix to use other fuels. In an internal combustion engine, the expansion of the high-temperature and -pressure gases produced by combustion applies direct force to some component of the engine, such as pistons, turbine blades, or a . This force moves the component over a distance, generating useful mechanical energy. A large number of different designs for have been developed and built, with a variety of different strengths and weaknesses. While there have been and still are many stationary applications, the real strength of internal engines is in mobile applications and they dominate as a power supply for , aircraft, and boats, from the smallest to the largest.

Internal combustion engine - New World Encyclopedia

Forms and tables to use when applying for a permit for internal combustion engines.

The death of the internal combustion engine - Electric cars

In 13th century, the rocket engine, an internal-combustion engine, was developed by the Chinese, Mongols and Arabs. In 1509, described a compression less engine. Although various forms of internal combustion engines were developed before the 19th century, application was slowed down until the commercial drilling and production of petroleum began in the mid-1850s. By the late 19th century, engineering advances led to widespread adoption in a variety of applications. In 1954, Felix Wankel, a German mechanical engineer invented the Wankel engine. The first person to actually build a car with the four-stroke engine was German engineer, Nikolaus Otto. That is why the four-stroke principle today is commonly known as the Otto and four-stroke engines using spark plugs often are called Otto engines.

OPGCI: Revolutionizing the Internal Combustion Engine

Overview of air permitting requirements and options for new internal combustion engine operations. Links to relevant rules, guidance, and forms.

Links to rules and regulations governing the permitting of internal combustion engines facilities.
Internal Fire: The Internal-Combustion Engine 1673-1900 [C

the end of the internal combustion engine - Washington Post

Before the era of the Model T, gasoline-fueled vehicles had stiff competition from steam-driven and electric cars. In fact, of the 4,200 cars built in the United States in 1900, only one-fourth employed internal combustion engines. And of the approximately 8,000 automobiles on the road, most were steam-driven. Steam had been used as early as 1769 to power a road vehicle. French Army engineer Nicholas Joseph Cugnot designed a three-wheel truck for hauling artillery. Experimentation with steam-powered vehicles began in the United States in the 1780s primarily in the Northeast. Into the nineteenth century, however, steam-engine technology tended to focus on locomotives rather than cars.

The death of the internal combustion engine – The Economist

It took several more years for the internal combustion engine to sweep the American market, however. General conditions, such as the expansiveness of the nation, the lack of decent roads, and the relatively well-developed urban transit system, worked against adoption of any and all motor vehicles for a time. Mass production of gasoline-powered cars, however, brought to the market a vehicle that was modestly priced, easy to maintain, relatively fast and powerful, able to travel long distances, and fueled by a cheap, abundant, widely-available source of energy.

How Internal Combustion Engines Work - Road & Track

Particularly noteworthy in the United States were steam cars produced by twins , who had been school teachers in Maine. For several years, the “Stanley Steamer” was the fastest vehicle on the road. In 1906, the Stanley Rocket set five world speed records in Daytona Beach, Florida, hitting over 127 miles per hour. By the 1910s, however, the Stanleys were producing only 600 to 700 vehicles per year. Despite the simplicity of their engines, fast acceleration, low pollution, economy, and great power, the early steamers started up slowly and ran noisily, had unreliable controls and problems with freezing, and required extensive engineering knowledge to operate. Although many of the steamer’s weaknesses were overcome, they suffered from little infusion of capital into their production, some untimely accidents, and vigorous competition from the mass-produced gas-powered cars that had overtaken the market by the 1910s.