equation for redefining and improving educational quality.
Improving School Education System Essay - 1360 …
Technical expertise: Data collection and analysis along with the design and operation of information systems will be important for the success of the kind of health improvement and performance monitoring processes proposed by the committee. Expertise in these areas can be applied to health problems of all types. The need for such expertise is well recognized, if not always available, in state and local health departments. In addition, other public agencies as well as health plans and a variety of other organizations in the private sector could be resources for a CHIP.
Improving the Quality of Education The traditional school calendar ..
Community empowerment: This capacity which complements leadership, is necessary to help bring a broad spectrum of the community into all phases of a CHIP. A broad characterization suggests that community empowerment promotes participation by individuals, organizations, and communities in a process that aims at achieving increased individual and community control, political efficacy, improved quality of community life, and social justice (Wallerstein, 1992). Based on the health department role described in Blueprint for a Healthy Community (NACHO and CDC, 1994), community empowerment encompasses the ability to establish and maintain a community (versus an "expert") perspective on health priorities and activities and to establish an environment in which many stakeholders can work together. The ability to facilitate priority setting might also be included here.
Total Quality Management's Challenge to Urban ..
Concerns about the quality of health care stimulated measurement and monitoring activities. Evidence of widespread variations in medical practice patterns (e.g., Wennberg and Gittelsohn, 1973; Connell et al., 1981; Wennberg, 1984; Chassin et al., 1986), inadequate information about the outcomes of common treatments (e.g., Wennberg et al., 1980; Eddy and Billings, 1988), and evidence of marked variations across providers in the outcomes of treatment (e.g., Bunker et al., 1969; Luft et al., 1979) prompted increased concern about the effectiveness of care (e.g., Brook and Lohr, 1985; Roper et al., 1988) and a recognition of the importance of monitoring health care practices (e.g., IOM, 1990). Continuous quality improvement (CQI) techniques have been adapted from their origins in industry for use in health care settings (e.g., Berwick et al., 1990; IOM, 1990; Batalden and Stoltz, 1993), and clinical practice guidelines are providing criteria for assessing quality of care (e.g., IOM, 1992; AHCPR, 1995). The basic Plan-Do-Check-Act cycle used in CQI is being applied to community health programs (Nolan and Knapp, 1996; Zablocki, 1996). Health departments are also exploring their role in promoting the quality