History of Australia – Australiance
History of Australia - Nations Online Project
A turning point in Australian history came in 1992 with the Mabo Judgement. Indigenous Australians claimed that the island of Mer belonged to them and not to the crown. A court finally overturned the doctrine of 'terra nullius', the idea that Australia did not belong to anybody when the Europeans arrived. In 1993 the government passed the Native Title Bill to clarify rights to ownership of land. However in 1993 came the Wik judgement, which said that even in the Queensland government leased land to pastoralists the Indigenous Australians still had some right to use the land as long as they did not interfere with the pastoralists activities. In 1998 the government was forced to amend the 1993 Native Title Act. As a symbol of reconciliation between the different peoples of Australia over 250,000 people walked across Sydney Harbour Bridge on 28 May 2000.
A BRIEF HISTORY OF SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA - Local …
In the 1920s immigration from Britain continued and Australia continued to grow. Sydney became the first Australian city to have a population of 1 million in 1922. Melbourne followed it in 1928. Sydney Harbour Bridge opened in 1932.
Australia History | Australia's Guide
At home the war will reveal fractures in the body politic. Debate will rage on the question of conscription versus volunteerism and on the proper method of financing the war. The financial needs will be met by a combination of War Bonds, higher taxes and increased printing of bank notes. On one hand the war serves to bring the nation together while on the other reveals deep differences in thought. As a consequence the political system will see the formation of distinct political parties such as the National Labor Party (split off from the Labor Party) and the Country Party. In the twenties the state will undertake many large scale projects and assume a mounting burden of debt. All important branches of the economy with the exception of wool depend on state subsidies financed by bonds floated on the London exchange. With the onset of the economic crises of 1929, Australia, like most of the rest of the developed world will enter a time of severe hardship. Unemployment will reach 25% and credit will be unattainable. As the crisis deepens the central and state governments will be forced to cut all expenses including wages and pensions by the drastic figure of 20%. For the first time immigration falls below that of emigration. While the economy will see a slight improvement through the 1930's, it is only the demands of the coming war with the Axis that will pull the nation back into harness. By 1942 the economy has been centralized with state budgets falling under the hand of the central government.