History of Australia - Wikipedia

Schools as we understand them, have existed in Australia for more than 200 years, beginning in NSW and expanding across the country as other settlements began. Public School systems did not begin until considerably later than this, beginning with primary level schools, then expanding into the secondary area beginning in the 1880s. Universities first arose in the middle of the 19th century, with early childhood education in the form of kindergartens and preschools lagging well behind all other sectors.

History of Australia – Australiance

A History of Australia - An Encyclopedia of World History

History of Australia - Nations Online Project

A turning point in Australian history came in 1992 with the Mabo Judgement. Indigenous Australians claimed that the island of Mer belonged to them and not to the crown. A court finally overturned the doctrine of 'terra nullius', the idea that Australia did not belong to anybody when the Europeans arrived. In 1993 the government passed the Native Title Bill to clarify rights to ownership of land. However in 1993 came the Wik judgement, which said that even in the Queensland government leased land to pastoralists the Indigenous Australians still had some right to use the land as long as they did not interfere with the pastoralists activities. In 1998 the government was forced to amend the 1993 Native Title Act. As a symbol of reconciliation between the different peoples of Australia over 250,000 people walked across Sydney Harbour Bridge on 28 May 2000.


In the 1920s immigration from Britain continued and Australia continued to grow. Sydney became the first Australian city to have a population of 1 million in 1922. Melbourne followed it in 1928. Sydney Harbour Bridge opened in 1932.

History outline of Australia, with links to history of Australia related information.

Australia History | Australia's Guide

At home the war will reveal fractures in the body politic. Debate will rage on the question of conscription versus volunteerism and on the proper method of financing the war. The financial needs will be met by a combination of War Bonds, higher taxes and increased printing of bank notes. On one hand the war serves to bring the nation together while on the other reveals deep differences in thought. As a consequence the political system will see the formation of distinct political parties such as the National Labor Party (split off from the Labor Party) and the Country Party. In the twenties the state will undertake many large scale projects and assume a mounting burden of debt. All important branches of the economy with the exception of wool depend on state subsidies financed by bonds floated on the London exchange. With the onset of the economic crises of 1929, Australia, like most of the rest of the developed world will enter a time of severe hardship. Unemployment will reach 25% and credit will be unattainable. As the crisis deepens the central and state governments will be forced to cut all expenses including wages and pensions by the drastic figure of 20%. For the first time immigration falls below that of emigration. While the economy will see a slight improvement through the 1930's, it is only the demands of the coming war with the Axis that will pull the nation back into harness. By 1942 the economy has been centralized with state budgets falling under the hand of the central government.

A Guide to the United States’ History of Recognition, Diplomatic, and Consular Relations, by Country, since 1776: Australia

Welcome to the National Archives of Australia

It is certainly no exaggeration to say that the Australian nation was born on the battlefields of the Great War. Over 330,000 Australians will take a direct part in the war fighting for the first time as an Australian army rather than part of the British army on battlefields ranging from Palestine to the Gallipoli to the Western Front. World War One is the great turning point in Australian history after which she will forge her own road to destiny while maintaining her close ties with Great Britain.

Culture of Australia - history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family A-Bo

History Cooperative | A Short History of Nearly Everything!

A second rebellion, the rum rebellion occurred in 1808. William Bligh, famous captain of the Bounty, was made governor in 1806. At that time rum was used as currency in Australia. Bligh forbade this. However on 26 January 1808 a group of soldiers led by Major George Johnston arrested Bligh. He was held prisoner for over a year until he finally agreed to leave Australia. However soon after he set sail Bligh decided to return. In 1809 the British government decided to replace Bligh and in 1810 he was succeeded by Colonel Macquarie.

Six volumes of exquisite Australian natural history drawings dating from the first days of settlement.

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From the turn of the 20th century until 1914 nearly 400,000 people started a new life on the shores of Australia. No less than immigration trade was an important element in the national life of Australia. Raw materials comprised the bulk of the goods being exported. While Australia traded with many nations her main trading partners during the pre-war period were, in order of importance, Great Britain, United States, Japan and Germany.