Enter Rosencrantz and Guildenstern.]

We learn in the next scene(which follows soon after) that the king and queen havesent to Wittenbergfor Hamlet's long-time friends, Rosencrantz andGuildenstern (two common Danish surnames), and that they are now here.

Enter Rosencrantz and Guildenstern.]

 ON TAP: Rosencrantz and Guildenstern

Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead - Wikipedia

While Hamlet, judging the reaction of Claudius, is convinced of the new king's guilt, he can't bring himself to slay him outright. Instead, Hamlet rebukes Gertrude with the news that she is sleeping with the killer of her husband. Unfortunately, Polonius—who is hidden behind a tapestry in the Queen's chamber, eavesdropping—panics and cries for help; Hamlet stabs him, thinking it is Claudius. Of course, when this news is given to Claudius, the King sends Hamlet to England with the ostensible purpose of securing Hamlet's safety and the recovery of his senses. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, two childhood friends of Hamlet's who are now little more than spies for Claudius, are to accompany him. The trick is that Hamlet will bear a letter to the King of England in which Claudius asks England to sentence Hamlet to death.

Hamlet vs Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead | …

In the midst of these events, Ophelia loses her own sanity; she is driven to madness by Hamlet's condition and the death of Polonius. Laertes, her brother, returns to Elsinore from his studies and vows his vengeance upon Hamlet for what the prince has done to his family. News is brought that Hamlet has returned to Denmark, much to the surprise of Claudius, and that Ophelia has drowned herself in a river. Claudius now plots with Laertes to kill Hamlet upon his return to Elsinore. Meanwhile, Hamlet meets Horatio, his best friend, and tells how he altered the letter so that the execution order was for Rosencrantz and Guildenstern instead of him. At the end of Hamlet's tale, Ophelia's funeral procession enters, and Laertes and Hamlet confront one another. Laertes challenges Hamlet to a duel.

Rosencrantz says, "My lord, you once did love me",and asks why Hamlet is upset.

No Fear Shakespeare: Hamlet: Act 1, Scene 2

("Taint not thy mind..." doesn't mean to think nice thoughts, which would be impossible, but simplynot to think of killing her.) The ghost has to leave becausemorning is approaching.Hamlet says he'll remember what he's heard "while memory holds aseat [i.e., still functions] in this distracted globe." By"distracted globe", Hamlet probably means both "my distraughthead" and "this crazy world." (The name of the theater,too.) Hamlet already has made up hismind about Claudius and his mother, without the ghost's help.

What’s that noise? Who’s calling for Hamlet? Oh, here they come.

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