Adolf Hitler - Jewish Virtual Library
To what extent was the Great Depression responsible …
Colonial productional shortcomings weakened the demand for European goods amidst rising forwign competition
October, 19129: The New York stock market crashes, spurring widespread economic panick and the closing and failures of banks across the nation and internationally
Corporations, whose financial frameworks were heavily reliant upon speculative economics, quickly declined
Investment and porduction decline rapidly
Unemployment and pay decrease grow rapidly
Economic Reactions and Consequences
Falling production levels and labor displacement reverberated darkly socio-culturally and conomically throughout the West.
Unemployment baecame so vast as to encompass nearly one third of the Western population at different points of time
Skilled laborers and graduates either fell into unemployment or were forcedto uptakr ommon labor
Both men and women sought work-- in many cases, the women finding more success, confusing traditional household roles
Cultural tastes were altered with the failing economy-- clothing styles became plainer and more stagnant, while escapism became the predominant form of cultural/artistic expression.
The Rise of Fascism
The poor state of German postwar society made a fascit regime viable
In defiance of a divided parliamentary system and corrupt capitalist politics, many Germans sought a powerful national government
Hitler, the main proponent of fascism in Germany, criticised the parliamentary system's emphasis on individual interests
Along with his advocacy for the expansion of state powers, Hitler also rallied behind common anti-semitic and xenophobic German beliefs
In 1932, the National Socialist Party won a plurality of the seats in the German parliament.
Following his legal rise to power, Hitler purged the government of internal opposition and replaced standing bureaucratic and military powers with his Nazi party
Began to implement policies of expansion-- formng an alliance with Britain and seeking appeasements with the British.
Invaded Poland in 1939 after several political skirmished with Western powers.
Fascist ideals and policices were adopted from Germany by Italy, Spain, and other nations.
In 1936, reuds between republicans and leading fascists broke out in Spain, gaining much international attention, with a semi-fascist victory in 1939
Increasing urbanization and economic/cutural expansion withing Latin America complicated the onslaught and consequences of the Great Depression.
Postwar Latin American economies thrived off import substitution indutrialization; consequent inflation and population growth caused unrest
Political systems within Latin America were reorganized to diversify the distribution of political power among socioeconomic classes
The failures of classical liberalism son became apparent in times of economic turmoil, and Communis/socialist organizations began to rise transcontinentally
Latin America During the Depression
The consequent increase in poverty rates of the crash further fragmented classical conceptions of government in Latin America
In Mexico, President Crdenas pursued massive land reform
In Brazil, after brief political turmoil and the collapse of the export economy, the state was centralized and opposition suppressed.
Argentina faced political upheaval after the collapse of the Radical Party in 1929, and political divisions further forced its economy into a state of dependency.
Argentinian President Peron introduced policies which intertwined labor, industrial, and military interests.
In response to the depression, the Japanese fell back upon tradition, anti-Western values; miliatry power increased greatly
Although someopposition arose , nationalism and military ambition led the Japanese to begin processes of Pacific expansion
Government policies within Japan were able to curb the effects of the depression
A new set of stabilization policies were introduced
In his rise to power, Stalin advocated for mss collectvization and industrialization
Insodoing, the Communist Party forced peasants, in large numbers, onto collective farms, nationalizing their private property
Although dissent was surpressed, peasant outcries were made clear
Stalin approached industrialization, Stalin instituted a series of five-year plans
Increase in urbanization
Although brutal, life in the SOviet Union was generally attended to by the state, and the welfare of citizens was emphasized
Trade union under party control
Under his totalitarian regime, Stalin controlled the arts, emphasizing social realism, and the sciences
Stalin carried out mamy political assassinations and exiles in what were known as the Great Purges.
Postwar Latin America
The Soviet Union and Stalinization
The Great Depression (article) | Khan Academy
The Great Depression began in the United States but quickly turned into a worldwideeconomic slump owing to the special and intimate relationships that had been forgedbetween the United States and European economies after World War I. The United States hademerged from the war as the major creditor and financier of postwar Europe, whose nationaleconomies had been greatly weakened by the war itself, by war debts, and, in the case ofGermany and other defeated nations, by the need to pay war reparations. So once theAmerican economy slumped and the flow of American investment credits to Europe dried up,prosperity tended to collapse there as well. The Depression hit hardest those nations thatwere most deeply indebted to the United States, i.e., Germany and Great Britain. InGermany, unemployment rose sharply beginning in late 1929, and by early 1932 it hadreached 6 million workers, or 25 percent of the work force. Britain was less severelyaffected, but its industrial and export sectors remained seriously depressed until WorldWar II. Many other countries had been affected by the slump by 1931.