Erdmann, whose treatise Kants Kriticismus in d.

German philosopher Friedrich von Schelling explored the concept of freedom in his 1809 book, Of Human Freedom. Immanuel Kant largely inspired his work.

We might characterize the result as an "immanentalist" phenomenalism.

It was  (the darling of Empiricists), not Kant, who would have thought this impossible.

Immanuel Kant - Friesian School

This is itself a very severe abstraction, based on Kant's view of reason as expressed in the of logic, whose application is supposed to generate the imperatives of .

Kant Immanuel - German Philosopher

However, as is examined in detail in (), the immediacy of intuition that is lost when we consider perception to be the result of active mental synthesis when we realize that this synthesis is an activity that cannot occur in the conscious mind.

Such immediate or indemonstrable judgments, it is said, abound in our experience.

GERMAN PHILOSOPHER - The Crossword Solver

This man, whom I name with the deepest gratitude and respect, is Immanuel Kant ; his image rises before me surrounded with pleasing recollections!"

Kant, Immanuel - Enlightenment Revolution

Things in themselves, on this interpretation, are absolutely real inthe sense that they would exist and have whatever properties they haveeven if no human beings were around to perceive them. Appearances, onthe other hand, are not absolutely real in that sense, because theirexistence and properties depend on human perceivers. Moreover, wheneverappearances do exist, in some sense they exist in the mind of humanperceivers. So appearances are mental entities or mentalrepresentations. This, coupled with the claim that we experience onlyappearances, makes transcendental idealism a form of phenomenalism onthis interpretation, because it reduces the objects of experience tomental representations. All of our experiences – all of ourperceptions of objects and events in space, even those objects andevents themselves, and all non-spatial but still temporal thoughts andfeelings – fall into the class of appearances that exist in themind of human perceivers. These appearances cut us off entirely fromthe reality of things in themselves, which are non-spatial andnon-temporal. Yet Kant's theory, on this interpretation, neverthelessrequires that things in themselves exist, because they must transmit tous the sensory data from which we construct appearances. In principlewe cannot know how things in themselves affect our senses, because ourexperience and knowledge is limited to the world of appearancesconstructed by and in the mind. Things in themselves are therefore asort of theoretical posit, whose existence and role are required by thetheory but are not directly verifiable.

What is bad are "God, freedom, and immortality," which totally upset the applecart.

SparkNotes: Immanuel Kant (1724–1804): Context

The endless confusion and conflict that still results from people trying to figure out whether or how science and religion should fit together is deftly avoided by Kant, who can say, for instance, that God and divine creation cannot be part of any truly theory because both involve "unconditioned" realities, while science can only deal with realities.

Any kind of mysticism is going to be a kind of immediate knowledge that is an intuitive , i.e.

The Critique of Pure Reason [Immanuel Kant, J.M.D

Most philosophers who find Kant’s views attractive find them sobecause of the Humanity Formulation of the CI. This formulation statesthat we should never act in such a way that we treat humanity, whetherin ourselves or in others, as a means only but always as an end initself. This is often seen as introducing the idea of“respect” for persons, for whatever it is that isessential to our humanity. Kant was clearly right that this and theother formulations bring the CI “closer to intuition” thanthe Universal Law formula. Intuitively, there seems something wrongwith treating human beings as mere instruments with no value beyondthis. But this very intuitiveness can also invitemisunderstandings.


Immanuel Kant | Philosimply | Philosophy Made Easy

In this remarkable work Kant, proceeding from the Newtonian conception of the solar system, extends his consideration to the entire sidereal system, points out how the whole may be mechanically regarded, and throws out the important speculation which has since received the title of the nebular hypothesis.