by Hugh Tredennick (Penguin, 1995)

Similarly, denied ever lying under oath, even though he had to argue, to sustain the "legal correctness" of his answers, that oral sex was not sex and that he wasn't sure what "alone" and "is" meant.

by Hugh Tredennick (Penguin, 1990)Secondary sources:

Improper conduct, then, can only be a product of our ignorance rather than a symptom of{Gk.
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Grube translation (, Hackett Publishing Company, 1981, pp.

He could just tell Socrates, "Just accept what I say and stop asking these questions!" This is always a typical move of those claiming authority, to shut off debate and questioning.

Query: what is it called to question everything you think you know?

"Then let us again examine, Euthyphro, whether that is a sound statement [ -- if said ], or do we let it pass, and if one of us, or someone else, merely says that something is so, do we accept that it is so?

Rethinking the Elenchus in Plato's Dialogues and Beyond (Penn State, 2002)
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The King was Philip II, and the son would turn out to be .

In contrast, Descartes' method led him to certainty -- i.e. knowledge -- about many things. But his claim to knowledge, (claim of knowing), was never subjected to the test of, (put to test in), Socratic dialectic. -- And so, was it knowledge or only the illusion of having knowledge? [ -- Socrates versus Descartes, the different methods.]

Query: philosophy. Doubt everything. Question everything.

In Chinese, as we see in the stories, a legal case is a or just an , which means a judge's table, rather the way "bench" can be used to mean a court in English.

Query: word that means to question everything.

There is a synonym for 'to doubt all things' or 'to question all things', namely 'skepticize', and where others do not question but "rush in" (), that is where the philosopher does question. Presumption, thinking oneself to know what one doesn't know (Xenophon, ), is the antithesis of philosophy. (The origin of the word 'skeptic' is the Greek word meaning 'to examine'.)

Query: what does it mean to question everything? Define.

, , is known from the non-Greek languages of Asia Minor (like Lydian) as the word for a double-bladed axe -- just the kind of axe often pictured in the palace at Knossos -- which also tends to support the identification of the language of Linear A with those languages.

Instead, the office went to one of Plato's nephews.

(The author of the story ended in religious faith, in the recapturing of the faith of his childhood, rather than in a claim to philosophical knowledge.)