Future enlargement of the European Union - Wikipedia

Part B of the assignment I have been asked to write a report on one of the new countries joining the European Union about its economic profile, the impact of enlargement on UK businesses and the implications for the EU Single Market.

EUROPEAN UNION | What's EU Enlargement? - BBC News

Bosnia and Herzegovina - European Neighbourhood Policy And Enlargement Negotiations

CBBC Newsround | EUROPEAN UNION | What's EU Enlargement?

Now the interests linked to the eastern enlargement have been mostly satisfied, at least in the German case, but the favorable international aura for new candidates has passed definitively. The Europe’s failure in the Arab Spring has shown the limits of the European foreign policy and of its ability to influence positively the situation in North Africa and Middle East. But especially in the East the EU has faced the strong opponent to its further enlargement policy—Russia, which has resolvedly refused to accept any activities of the EU in its post-soviet sphere of influence. The crisis on the Vilnius summit in 2013, the refusal of Yanukovych to sign the association agreement and the attempt to suppress the civil protests in Ukraine with the Russia’s support marked the turning point. For the first time (with exception of Georgia in 2008—the warning never taken seriously in Europe) the EU’s soft power exerted in order to widen the European influence in the neighborhood with rather modest promise of future membership has met with violent response. It was a shock for many in Europe and it has confirmed many fears and prejudices that have always accompanied the process of enlargement. It is paradoxical that the most successful political and economic project, which enlargement probably was in the whole postwar integration history of Europe, has become for many in Western and Southern parts of the Union the source of all evil. Immigration, unemployment, confrontation with Russia have been indicated as negative consequences of the enlargement process and fueled the rising political power of far right, anti-European parties in many of old member counties, foremost in France and the Netherlands.

European Union Enlargement - Candidate Member States

One could currently doubt whether the idea of enlargement is still present in the EU’s political agenda. But history accelerates again and the lack of strategic assertiveness and strength of the EU in times of an unprecedented upheaval in Ukraine can undermine in turn the European project as such. It is not clear whether the societies and the political elite in old member states really understand the meaning of current challenge comprised by the future of Ukraine. France, immersed in its own identity fatigue, seeks to keep Germany as close as possible in the framework of a restored small Europe. The UK is on the way to its deep splendid isolation from the EU and European affairs. Germany, as usual, is dramatizing the issue of its potential leadership in the EU, which can never be realized partly because of the historical identity problems partly of the failed strategic choices (Russia first). If this political uncertainty and instability correlates now with the wide spread anti-European mode in electorates, the EU’external activities can become blocked for a long time.

The EU and ‘Enlargement Fatigue’: Why Has the European Union Not Been Able to Counter ‘Enlargement Fatigue’?.
We’ve already looked at the tricky question of EU enlargement on Debating Europe (see here and here), but most of our…

European Union Enlargement - YouTube

In view of this the European Union has to decide whether it is an exclusive club of ‘old’ nations or whether it is truly a European Union. I doubt that it is the former therefore the real question is how the Union can be enlarged without undermining its very foundations. The answer I believe is slowly and carefully, not because of the technical difficulties of enlargement but because of the psychological difficulties of merging old European democracies with new East European quasi-democracies. Furthermore if the EU does not hold out an olive branch in the not too distant future then the influence of both Russia and China could well make a future union less likely.

Briefing: European Union Enlargement - EU Learning

In contributing to the enlargement debate I would like to add a perspective from a European nation that is currently on the outside. Ukraine is geographically a European state; in fact the centre of geographical Europe lies in Western Ukraine. A majority of our people see the standards of freedom and the standards of living within a greater Europe to be very attractive thus there is an understanding that our future, politically, economically and socially belongs within the European family.

Enlargement countries - European Investment Bank (EIB)

There are definitely limits of how far the EU can go given its current and faulty structure.
The issue of fiscal federalisation is not only one that affects the current Eurozone membership but also any potential entrants such as Turkey and Ukraine.
To remain relevant in decision the core of Europe they will be faced with a choice of joining a federally governed Eurozone or remaining on the periphery as nations like Poland and the UK will discover should fiscal federalisation occur.
With the best will in the world, it is impossible not to have a core Eurozone with unity in fiscal matters that will not drive the EU, the EU budgets and core policy.
Whilst outside the EU, both Turkey and Ukraine provide sizable and fairly reliable buffer zones for Eurasian and North African migration with read mission agreements allowing the return of illegals to Turkey or Ukraine if they enter the EU via these nations even if they are not nationals of these nations.
Turkey has managed the global economics very well whereas Ukraine had suffered despite these nations being significant trading partners with parts of Ukraine having a shared Ottoman history.
Turkey seems to be playing the Arab Spring with a deft touch at the moment and will become a significant power broker in North Africa and also the Black Sea region.
Depending upon how Turkey fairs with North Africa it may be wise to welcome it into the EU fold to use its newly found influence there. Alternatively it may be yet another reason to keep it out of the EU due to migration from Syria, Libya etc. into Turkey.
It should also be considered that whilst there maybe an attraction to both Turkey and Ukraine to join the EU today, there will have to be major structural changes to the EU structure far beyond the Lisbon treaty if it is to succeed. Will either nation want to join the EU as and when those structural changes have taken place and the EU morphs into whatever it will be?
In short, as, when and if a time comes when all Member States would welcome Turkey and Ukraine, would Turkey and Ukraine welcome inclusion or simply enhanced integration as per the DCFTA and AA that the EU and Ukraine are about to finalise?
How would the EU voting public reward their respective elected leaders for allowing EU membership and large the possibility of large scale migration from both Turkey and yet more Eastern Europeans?
Many EU national governments are now in coalitions or have agreements with political parties with aggressive stances towards further immigration and have yet to address the views of the public and these parties in a meaningful way, thus we see centre right and left parties taking up immigration policy that their coalition partners dictate to keep majorities in domestic parliaments.
The EU and its elected and appointed structures are already suffering from a major disconnect from the public which make up the Member States and further enlargement will need to be handled very carefully if this suprastructure wants to retain any form of legitimacy.
It is extremely complex and everything is connected even when it seems it is not but for the foreseeable future, eliminating all other matters, further expansion will be an incredibly difficult sell to the public and to expand against the public will would for-go any legitimacy the EU structures currently have.