Is the ideal of progress obsolete

The end result is that VA clinicians can provide treatment for all their patients with HCV, whereas their IHS counterparts cannot.The slow progress toward eliminating HCV isn’t the result of a lack of dedication on the part of IHS and tribal clinicians.

Manufacturing Epidemics: The Role of Global Producers …

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Progress of Epidemics — Epidemic of Smallpox — From …

Reported trends in maternal mortality vary widely. Maternal deaths per 100,000 pregnancies increased from 150 in 1998 to 650 in 2007, but other findings suggest that there has also been improvement toward the achievement of Millennium Development Goals. Many maternal deaths in South Africa are related to HIV infection. Although the combination of HIV and tuberculosis is the leading cause of death among women of reproductive age in KwaZulu-Natal province, death rates have declined since the launch of the ART program in 2003 ().

Chronic epidemics: non-communicable diseases in …

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Manufacturing Epidemics: The Role of Global Producers in Increased Consumption of Unhealthy Commodities Including Processed Foods, Alcohol, and Tobacco
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South Africa has one of the worst tuberculosis epidemics in the world. Driven in recent decades by the spread of HIV infection, the incidence of tuberculosis increased from 300 per 100,000 people in the early 1990s to more than 600 per 100,000 in the early 2000s and to more than 950 per 100,000 in 2012. Despite notable progress in improving treatment outcomes for new smear-positive tuberculosis cases, the tuberculosis burden remains enormous. Multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis accounts for 1.8% of all new cases of tuberculosis (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.4 to 2.3) and 6.7% of retreatment cases (95% CI, 5.4 to 8.2). Since a study involving patients with extensively drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis in rural South Africa made international headlines, South Africa reports the most XDR tuberculosis cases in the world. Annual notifications increased from 298 in 2005 to 1545 in 2012 (). Approximately 10% of MDR tuberculosis cases reported in South Africa are XDR tuberculosis cases.

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At a time characterized by local and global crises that engender much despondency, and when it seems that we are probably collectively unable to recognize the dire nature of our mutual predicament, it is appropriate to recollect how President Nelson Mandela's attitude of magnanimity and reconciliation (despite 27 years in prison) spearheaded peaceful progress toward a new South Africa. His example continues to be an inspiration to many in South Africa and beyond, as reflected in the affection, admiration, and awe in which he is so widely held.

29/01/2018 · Epidemics of Plant Diseases ..

Such complex (perhaps even intractable) local and global problems require transdisciplinary sociopolitical–economic research projects that could reframe the nature of progress and perspectives of ourselves as local and global citizens. The magnitude of this task is arguably as daunting as the task of producing an HIV vaccine.

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At the end of December 2017, WHO prequalified the first conjugate vaccine for typhoid, Bharat Biotech’s Typbar-TCV®. Typhoid conjugate vaccines (TCVs) are innovative products that have longer-lasting immunity than older vaccines, require fewer doses, and can be given to young children through routine childhood immunization programs. The fact that the vaccine has been prequalified by WHO means that it meets acceptable standards of quality, safety and efficacy.
This makes the vaccine eligible for procurement by UN agencies, such as UNICEF, and Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance.