Gender and Entrepreneurship in the Middle East
GEM Global Entrepreneurship Monitor
The Middle East is a transcontinental region centered on West Asia and Egypt. It is considered as a potential entrepreneurial leader in terms of emerging markets. While the gender gap in entrepreneurial activity is a global phenomenon, it is, perhaps, more specific to the Middle Eastern region due to its psycho-socio-political context. Despite increased scholarly interest in female entrepreneurship globally, stereotypes still exist, and it has been acknowledged that patriarchy negatively affects the free expression of female entrepreneurship in the UAE (Naguib and Jamali, 2015). Gender differences also exist with respect to experimenting with entrepreneurship (Dempsey and Jennings, 2014) in that female SME owners tend to be more satisfied with both the success of their business and their lifestyle than their male counterparts (Weber and Geneste, 2014). At the macro level, religion is also considered as a salient societal level institutional order affecting the expression of female entrepreneurship generally (Thornton et al., 2011), and in the Middle East in particular (Metcalfe, 2008).
Gender, Institutions and Development Database 2009 …
It is in this context that there is an urgent need to augment research on entrepreneurship - especially from a gender perspective - in the Middle Eastern region. This special issue on “Gender and Entrepreneurship in the Middle East” will serve as a platform for those who can make a meaningful contribution to the field of gender and entrepreneurship by drawing together the very best research contributions from across the Middle Eastern. In addition, this Special Issue seeks to platform the work of dynamic young researchers and those who are in a position to offer novel perspectives to this particular research area – Gender and Entrepreneurship in the Middle East.